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Author (up) Angel D. Sappa; Juan A. Carvajal; Cristhian A. Aguilera; Miguel Oliveira; Dennis G. Romero; Boris X. Vintimilla pdf  url
openurl 
  Title Wavelet-Based Visible and Infrared Image Fusion: A Comparative Study Type Journal Article
  Year 2016 Publication Sensors Journal Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume vol 16 Issue Pages 1-15  
  Keywords image fusion; fusion evaluation metrics; visible and infrared imaging; discrete wavelet transform  
  Abstract This paper evaluates different wavelet-based cross-spectral image fusion strategies adopted to merge visible and infrared images. The objective is to find the best setup independently of the evaluation metric used to measure the performance. Quantitative performance results are obtained with state of the art approaches together with adaptations proposed in the current work. The options evaluated in the current work result from the combination of different setups in the wavelet image decomposition stage together with different fusion strategies for the final merging stage that generates the resulting representation. Most of the approaches evaluate results according to the application for which they are intended for. Sometimes a human observer is selected to judge the quality of the obtained results. In the current work, quantitative values are considered in order to find correlations between setups and performance of obtained results; these correlations can be used to define a criteria for selecting the best fusion strategy for a given pair of cross-spectral images. The whole procedure is evaluated with a large set of correctly registered visible and infrared image pairs, including both Near InfraRed (NIR) and LongWave InfraRed (LWIR).  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
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  Language English Summary Language English Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
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  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number cidis @ cidis @ Serial 47  
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Author (up) Angel D. Sappa; Cristhian A. Aguilera; Juan A. Carvajal Ayala; Miguel Oliveira; Dennis Romero; Boris X. Vintimilla; Ricardo Toledo pdf  url
doi  openurl
  Title Monocular visual odometry: a cross-spectral image fusion based approach Type Journal Article
  Year 2016 Publication Robotics and Autonomous Systems Journal Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume vol 86 Issue Pages 26-36  
  Keywords Monocular visual odometry LWIR-RGB cross-spectral imaging Image fusion  
  Abstract This manuscript evaluates the usage of fused cross-spectral images in a monocular visual odometry approach. Fused images are obtained through a Discrete Wavelet Transform (DWT) scheme, where the best setup is em- pirically obtained by means of a mutual information based evaluation met- ric. The objective is to have a exible scheme where fusion parameters are adapted according to the characteristics of the given images. Visual odom- etry is computed from the fused monocular images using an off the shelf approach. Experimental results using data sets obtained with two different platforms are presented. Additionally, comparison with a previous approach as well as with monocular-visible/infrared spectra are also provided showing the advantages of the proposed scheme.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Enlgish Summary Language English Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number cidis @ cidis @ Serial 54  
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Author (up) Ángel Morera, Ángel Sánchez, A. Belén Moreno, Angel D. Sappa, & José F. Vélez pdf  isbn
openurl 
  Title SSD vs. YOLO for Detection of Outdoor Urban Advertising Panels under Multiple Variabilities. Type Journal Article
  Year 2020 Publication Abbreviated Journal In Sensors  
  Volume Vol. 2020-August Issue 16 Pages pp. 1-23  
  Keywords object detection; urban outdoor panels; one-stage detectors; Single Shot MultiBox Detector (SSD); You Only Look Once (YOLO); detection metrics; object and scene imaging variabilities  
  Abstract This work compares Single Shot MultiBox Detector (SSD) and You Only Look Once (YOLO)

deep neural networks for the outdoor advertisement panel detection problem by handling multiple

and combined variabilities in the scenes. Publicity panel detection in images o ers important

advantages both in the real world as well as in the virtual one. For example, applications like Google

Street View can be used for Internet publicity and when detecting these ads panels in images, it could

be possible to replace the publicity appearing inside the panels by another from a funding company.

In our experiments, both SSD and YOLO detectors have produced acceptable results under variable

sizes of panels, illumination conditions, viewing perspectives, partial occlusion of panels, complex

background and multiple panels in scenes. Due to the diculty of finding annotated images for the

considered problem, we created our own dataset for conducting the experiments. The major strength

of the SSD model was the almost elimination of False Positive (FP) cases, situation that is preferable

when the publicity contained inside the panel is analyzed after detecting them. On the other side,

YOLO produced better panel localization results detecting a higher number of True Positive (TP)

panels with a higher accuracy. Finally, a comparison of the two analyzed object detection models

with di erent types of semantic segmentation networks and using the same evaluation metrics is

also included.
 
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language English Summary Language English Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN 14248220 Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number cidis @ cidis @ Serial 133  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author (up) Arias Alexandra. Ing.; Peña Roxanna. Ing.; Chávez Patricia. MSEE.; Basurto Juan. Ing pdf  url
openurl 
  Title Análisis Comparativo de la Implementación de una PBX de Código Abierto instalada en un Servidor Tradicional y en un Enrutador Inalámbrico en términos de Calidad de Servicio en Redes Inalámbricas Amalladas Type Journal Article
  Year 2011 Publication Revista Tecnologica ESPOL RTE Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume vol 24 Issue Pages 1-6  
  Keywords Redes Inalámbricas Mesh, VoIP, Asterisk  
  Abstract El presente trabajo compara dos Implementaciones de Centrales Telefónicas VoIP de Código Abierto implementados sobre una Red Inalámbrica Amallada. El primero comprende la instalación de la PBX en un servidor tradicional y el segundo la instalación de una PBX en un enrutador inalámbrico. Nuestro objetivo es

determinar cuál de estos dos sistemas es superior en cuanto a calidad de servicio se refiere. Para determinar la mejor solución, realizamos un estudio técnico de los paquetes capturados durante diferentes pruebas, considerando parámetros como el ancho de banda, retardo y jitter. Nuestros métodos de análisis pueden ser utilizados para futuros trabajos con una mayor complejidad y número de enrutadores inalámbrico, así como establecer el grado de afectación y el comportamiento de las dos PBX cuando haya congestión en la red.
 
  Address Escuela Superior Politécnica del Litoral Km 30.5 vía Perimetral  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Guayaquil, Guayas Ecuador Editor  
  Language Español Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number cidis @ cidis @ Serial 14  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author (up) Carlos Monsalve; Alain April and Alain Abran pdf  url
openurl 
  Title Measuring software functional size from business process models Type Journal Article
  Year 2011 Publication International Journal of Software Engineering and Knowledge Engineering Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume 21 Issue Pages 311–338  
  Keywords  
  Abstract ISO 14143-1 specifies that a functional size measurement (FSM) method must provide measurement procedures to quantify the functional user requirements (FURs) of software. Such quantitative information, functional size, is typically used, for instance, in software estimation. One of the international standards for FSM is the COSMIC FSM method — ISO 19761 — which was designed to be applied both to the business application (BA) software domain and to the real-time software domain. A recurrent problem in FSM is the availability and quality of the inputs required for measurement purposes; that is, well documented FURs. Business process (BP) models, as they are commonly used to gather requirements from the early stages of a project, could be a valuable source of information for FSM. In a previous article, the feasibility of such an approach for the BA domain was analyzed using the Qualigram BP modeling notation. This paper complements that work by: (1) analyzing the use of BPMN for FSM in the BA domain; (2) presenting notation-independent guidelines for the BA domain; and (3) analyzing the possibility of using BP models to perform FSM in the real-time domain. The measurement results obtained from BP models are compared with those of previous FSM case studies.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language English Summary Language English Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number cidis @ cidis @ Serial 19  
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Author (up) Charco, J.L., Sappa, A.D., Vintimilla, B.X., Velesaca, H.O. pdf  openurl
  Title Camera pose estimation in multi-view environments:from virtual scenarios to the real world Type Journal Article
  Year 2021 Publication In Image and Vision Computing Journal. (Vol. 110. Article number 104182) Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Issue Pages  
  Keywords Relative camera pose estimation, Domain adaptation, Siamese architecture, Synthetic data, Multi-view environments  
  Abstract This paper presents a domain adaptation strategy to efficiently train network architectures for estimating the relative camera pose in multi-view scenarios. The network architectures are fed by a pair of simultaneously acquired

images, hence in order to improve the accuracy of the solutions, and due to the lack of large datasets with pairs of

overlapped images, a domain adaptation strategy is proposed. The domain adaptation strategy consists on transferring the knowledge learned from synthetic images to real-world scenarios. For this, the networks are firstly

trained using pairs of synthetic images, which are captured at the same time by a pair of cameras in a virtual environment; and then, the learned weights of the networks are transferred to the real-world case, where the networks are retrained with a few real images. Different virtual 3D scenarios are generated to evaluate the

relationship between the accuracy on the result and the similarity between virtual and real scenarios—similarity

on both geometry of the objects contained in the scene as well as relative pose between camera and objects in the

scene. Experimental results and comparisons are provided showing that the accuracy of all the evaluated networks for estimating the camera pose improves when the proposed domain adaptation strategy is used,

highlighting the importance on the similarity between virtual-real scenarios.
 
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language English Summary Language English Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number cidis @ cidis @ Serial 147  
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Author (up) Cristhian A. Aguilera, Cristhian Aguilera, Cristóbal A. Navarro, & Angel D. Sappa pdf  openurl
  Title Fast CNN Stereo Depth Estimation through Embedded GPU Devices Type Journal Article
  Year 2020 Publication Sensors 2020 Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Vol. 2020-June Issue 11 Pages pp. 1-13  
  Keywords stereo matching; deep learning; embedded GPU  
  Abstract Current CNN-based stereo depth estimation models can barely run under real-time

constraints on embedded graphic processing unit (GPU) devices. Moreover, state-of-the-art

evaluations usually do not consider model optimization techniques, being that it is unknown what is

the current potential on embedded GPU devices. In this work, we evaluate two state-of-the-art models

on three different embedded GPU devices, with and without optimization methods, presenting

performance results that illustrate the actual capabilities of embedded GPU devices for stereo depth

estimation. More importantly, based on our evaluation, we propose the use of a U-Net like architecture

for postprocessing the cost-volume, instead of a typical sequence of 3D convolutions, drastically

augmenting the runtime speed of current models. In our experiments, we achieve real-time inference

speed, in the range of 5–32 ms, for 1216  368 input stereo images on the Jetson TX2, Jetson Xavier,

and Jetson Nano embedded devices.
 
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language English Summary Language English Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 14248220 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number cidis @ cidis @ Serial 132  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author (up) Cristhian A. Aguilera; Angel D. Sappa; Ricardo Toledo pdf  openurl
  Title Cross-Spectral Local Descriptors via Quadruplet Network Type Journal Article
  Year 2017 Publication In Sensors Journal Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume 17 Issue Pages 873  
  Keywords  
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  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number gtsi @ user @ Serial 64  
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Author (up) Cristhian A. Aguilera; Cristhian Aguilera; Angel D. Sappa pdf  openurl
  Title Melamine faced panels defect classification beyond the visible spectrum. Type Journal Article
  Year 2018 Publication In Sensors 2018 Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Issue Pages  
  Keywords  
  Abstract In this work, we explore the use of images from different spectral bands to classify defects in melamine faced panels, which could appear through the production process. Through experimental evaluation, we evaluate the use of images from the visible (VS), near-infrared (NIR), and long wavelength infrared (LWIR), to classify the defects using a feature descriptor learning approach together with a support vector machine classifier. Two descriptors were evaluated, Extended Local Binary Patterns (E-LBP) and SURF using a Bag of Words (BoW) representation. The evaluation was carried on with an image set obtained during this work, which contained five different defect categories that currently occurs in the industry. Results show that using images from beyond

the visual spectrum helps to improve classification performance in contrast with a single visible spectrum solution.
 
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  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
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  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number gtsi @ user @ Serial 89  
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Author (up) Daniela Rato, Miguel Oliviera, Victor Santos, Manuel Gomes & Angel Sappa url  openurl
  Title A Sensor-to-Pattern Calibration Framework for Multi-Modal Industrial Collaborative Cells. Type Journal Article
  Year 2022 Publication Journal of Manufacturing Systems Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Vol. 64 Issue Pages pp 497 – 507  
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  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes Approved yes  
  Call Number cidis @ cidis @ Serial 184  
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