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Author Miguel Realpe; Boris X. Vintimilla; Ljubo Vlacic pdf  url
openurl 
  Title Sensor Fault Detection and Diagnosis for autonomous vehicles Type Conference Article
  Year 2015 Publication 2nd International Conference on Mechatronics, Automation and Manufacturing (ICMAM 2015), International Conference on, Singapur, 2015 Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume 30 Issue MATEC Web of Conferences Pages 1-6  
  Keywords  
  Abstract In recent years testing autonomous vehicles on public roads has become a reality. However, before having autonomous vehicles completely accepted on the roads, they have to demonstrate safe operation and reliable interaction with other traffic participants. Furthermore, in real situations and long term operation, there is always the possibility that diverse components may fail. This paper deals with possible sensor faults by defining a federated sensor data fusion architecture. The proposed architecture is designed to detect obstacles in an autonomous vehicle’s environment while detecting a faulty sensor using SVM models for fault detection and diagnosis. Experimental results using sensor information from the KITTI dataset confirm the feasibility of the proposed architecture to detect soft and hard faults from a particular sensor.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher EDP Sciences Place of Publication Editor  
  Language English Summary Language English Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number cidis @ cidis @ Serial (down) 42  
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Author M. Oliveira; L. Seabra Lopes; G. Hyun Lim; S. Hamidreza Kasaei; Angel D. Sappa; A. Tomé pdf  url
openurl 
  Title Concurrent Learning of Visual Codebooks and Object Categories in Open- ended Domains Type Conference Article
  Year 2015 Publication Intelligent Robots and Systems (IROS), 2015 IEEE/RSJ International Conference on, Hamburg, Germany, 2015 Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Issue Pages 2488 - 2495  
  Keywords Birds, Training, Legged locomotion, Visualization, Histograms, Object recognition, Gaussian mixture model  
  Abstract In open-ended domains, robots must continuously learn new object categories. When the training sets are created offline, it is not possible to ensure their representativeness with respect to the object categories and features the system will find when operating online. In the Bag of Words model, visual codebooks are usually constructed from training sets created offline. This might lead to non-discriminative visual words and, as a consequence, to poor recognition performance. This paper proposes a visual object recognition system which concurrently learns in an incremental and online fashion both the visual object category representations as well as the codebook words used to encode them. The codebook is defined using Gaussian Mixture Models which are updated using new object views. The approach contains similarities with the human visual object recognition system: evidence suggests that the development of recognition capabilities occurs on multiple levels and is sustained over large periods of time. Results show that the proposed system with concurrent learning of object categories and codebooks is capable of learning more categories, requiring less examples, and with similar accuracies, when compared to the classical Bag of Words approach using codebooks constructed offline.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher IEEE Place of Publication Hamburg, Germany Editor  
  Language English Summary Language English Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference 2015 IEEE/RSJ International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems (IROS)  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number cidis @ cidis @ Serial (down) 41  
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Author Cristhian A. Aguilera; Angel D. Sappa; R. Toledo pdf  url
openurl 
  Title LGHD: A feature descriptor for matching across non-linear intensity variations Type Conference Article
  Year 2015 Publication IEEE International Conference on, Quebec City, QC, 2015 Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Issue Pages 178 - 181  
  Keywords Feature descriptor, multi-modal, multispectral, NIR, LWIR  
  Abstract This paper presents a new feature descriptor suitable to the task of matching features points between images with nonlinear intensity variations. This includes image pairs with significant illuminations changes, multi-modal image pairs and multi-spectral image pairs. The proposed method describes the neighbourhood of feature points combining frequency and spatial information using multi-scale and multi-oriented Log- Gabor filters. Experimental results show the validity of the proposed approach and also the improvements with respect to the state of the art.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher IEEE Place of Publication Quebec City, QC, Canada Editor  
  Language English Summary Language English Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference 2015 IEEE International Conference on Image Processing (ICIP)  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number cidis @ cidis @ Serial (down) 40  
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Author Ma. Paz Velarde; Erika Perugachi; Dennis G. Romero; Ángel D. Sappa; Boris X. Vintimilla pdf  url
openurl 
  Title Análisis del movimiento de las extremidades superiores aplicado a la rehabilitación física de una persona usando técnicas de visión artificial. Type Journal Article
  Year 2015 Publication Revista Tecnológica ESPOL-RTE Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Vol. 28 Issue Pages pp. 1-7  
  Keywords Rehabilitation; RGB-D Sensor; Computer Vision; Upper limb  
  Abstract Comúnmente durante la rehabilitación física, el diagnóstico dado por el especialista se basa en observaciones cualitativas que sugieren, en algunos casos, conclusiones subjetivas. El presente trabajo propone un enfoque cuantitativo, orientado a servir de ayuda a fisioterapeutas, a través de una herramienta interactiva y de bajo costo que permite medir los movimientos de miembros superiores. Estos movimientos son capturados por un sensor RGB-D y procesados mediante la metodología propuesta, dando como resultado una eficiente representación de movimientos, permitiendo la evaluación cuantitativa de movimientos de los miembros superiores.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher ESPOL Place of Publication Editor  
  Language English Summary Language English Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number cidis @ cidis @ Serial (down) 39  
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Author Miguel Realpe; Boris X. Vintimilla; L. Vlacic pdf  openurl
  Title Towards Fault Tolerant Perception for autonomous vehicles: Local Fusion. Type Conference Article
  Year 2015 Publication IEEE 7th International Conference on Cybernetics and Intelligent Systems (CIS) and IEEE Conference on Robotics, Automation and Mechatronics (RAM), Siem Reap, 2015. Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Issue Pages 253-258  
  Keywords  
  Abstract Many robust sensor fusion strategies have been developed in order to reliably detect the surrounding environments of an autonomous vehicle. However, in real situations there is always the possibility that sensors or other components may fail. Thus, internal modules and sensors need to be monitored to ensure their proper function. This paper introduces a general view of a perception architecture designed to detect and classify obstacles in an autonomous vehicle's environment using a fault tolerant framework, whereas elaborates the object detection and local fusion modules proposed in order to achieve the modularity and real-time process required by the system.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number cidis @ cidis @ Serial (down) 37  
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Author Ricardo Cajo; Wilton Agila pdf  url
openurl 
  Title Evaluation of algorithms for linear and nonlinear PID control for Twin Rotor MIMO System Type Conference Article
  Year 2015 Publication Computer Aided System Engineering (APCASE), 2015 Asia-Pacific Conference on, Quito, 2015 Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Issue Pages 214-219  
  Keywords Twin Rotor MIMO System (TRMS); Proportional-Integral-Derivative (PID); Linear PID Controller; Nonlinear PID Controller; Nonlinear Observer  
  Abstract In this paper the linear and nonlinear PID control algorithms are analyzed and for a twin rotor MIMO system (TRMS), whose characteristic is not linear with two degrees of freedom and cross-links. The aim of this work is to stabilize the TRMS, to achieve a particular position and follow a trajectory in the shortest time. Mathematical modeling of helicopter model is simulated using MATLAB / Simulink, the two degrees of freedom are controlled both horizontally and vertically through the proposed controllers. Also nonlinear segmented observers for each degree of freedom are designed in order to measure statements required by the nonlinear controller. Followed, a comparative analysis of both algorithms is presented to evaluate their performance in the real TRMS.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher IEEE Place of Publication Editor  
  Language English Summary Language English Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference 2015 Asia-Pacific Conference on Computer Aided System Engineering  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number cidis @ cidis @ Serial (down) 36  
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Author Mildred Cruz; Cristhian A. Aguilera; Boris X. Vintimilla; Ricardo Toledo; Ángel D. Sappa pdf  openurl
  Title Cross-spectral image registration and fusion: an evaluation study Type Conference Article
  Year 2015 Publication 2nd International Conference on Machine Vision and Machine Learning Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume 331 Issue Pages  
  Keywords multispectral imaging; image registration; data fusion; infrared and visible spectra  
  Abstract This paper presents a preliminary study on the registration and fusion of cross-spectral imaging. The objective is to evaluate the validity of widely used computer vision approaches when they are applied at different spectral bands. In particular, we are interested in merging images from the infrared (both long wave infrared: LWIR and near infrared: NIR) and visible spectrum (VS). Experimental results with different data sets are presented.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Computer Vision Center Place of Publication Barcelona, Spain Editor  
  Language English Summary Language English Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number cidis @ cidis @ Serial (down) 35  
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Author Marta Diaz; Dennys Paillacho; Cecilio Angulo pdf  openurl
  Title Evaluating Group-Robot Interaction in Crowded Public Spaces: A Week-Long Exploratory Study in the Wild with a Humanoid Robot Guiding Visitors Through a Science Museum. Type Journal Article
  Year 2015 Publication International Journal of Humanoid Robotics Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Vol. 12 Issue Pages  
  Keywords Group-robot interaction; robotic-guide; social navigation; space management; spatial formations; group walking behavior; crowd behavior  
  Abstract This paper describes an exploratory study on group interaction with a robot-guide in an open large-scale busy environment. For an entire week a humanoid robot was deployed in the popular Cosmocaixa Science Museum in Barcelona and guided hundreds of people through the museum facilities. The main goal of this experience is to study in the wild the episodes of the robot guiding visitors to a requested destination focusing on the group behavior during displacement. The walking behavior follow-me and the face to face communication in a populated environment are analyzed in terms of guide- visitors interaction, grouping patterns and spatial formations. Results from observational data show that the space configurations spontaneously formed by the robot guide and visitors walking together did not always meet the robot communicative and navigational requirements for successful guidance. Therefore additional verbal and nonverbal prompts must be considered to regulate effectively the walking together and follow-me behaviors. Finally, we discuss lessons learned and recommendations for robot’s spatial behavior in dense crowded scenarios.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher International Journal of Humanoid Robotics Place of Publication Editor  
  Language English Summary Language English Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number cidis @ cidis @ Serial (down) 34  
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Author Dennys Paillacho; F. Novillo; W. Agila.; V. Huilcapi pdf  url
openurl 
  Title Impacto de las redes de comunicaciones en los Sistemas Robóticos de Control Type Journal Article
  Year 2015 Publication Revista Politécnica Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Vol. 35 Issue Pages pp. 97-102  
  Keywords Ethernet, CAN, Swichted Ethernet, Sistemas de control en red, Ciclo de comunicación, Control de ajuste de trayectoria  
  Abstract El análisis de incidencia que tienen las redes de comunicaciones sobre el comportamiento de los sistemas robóticos de control en red muestra grandes dificultades cuando se quieren hacer evaluaciones de tipo analítico. Por tal razón, en este trabajo un análisis que utiliza una aproximación basada en simulación es propuesto, de manera que el comportamiento temporal y espacial de un sistema robótico de control en red pueda ser evaluado. Para tal efecto, se propone un entorno de validación mediante el cual una red de comunicaciones permita distribuir mensajes de control entre el controlador principal y los controladores remotos ubicados en cada articulación angular del robot manipulador planar. Las interacciones entre los componentes del sistema han sido modeladas mediante un sistema de capas. Dicho modelo es llevado a un entorno de simulación con la finalidad de analizar el impacto de distintos parámetros de comunicaciones (i.e. tipo de red, tasa de datos y tamaño de datos) sobre el ciclo de comunicación y el error de seguimiento de trayectoria en un sistema robótico.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Escuela Politécnica Nacional Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Español Summary Language Español Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number cidis @ cidis @ Serial (down) 33  
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Author Ortiz J.; Londono J.; Novillo F.; Ampuno A.; Chávez M. pdf  url
openurl 
  Title Determinación de Invariantes en Grandes Centros de Datos basados en Topología Fat-Tree Type Journal Article
  Year 2015 Publication Revista Politécnica Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Vol. 35 Issue Pages pp. 91-96  
  Keywords Invariantes de red, topologías, Fat-tree, simulación, emulación  
  Abstract Durante los últimos años ha existido un fuerte incremento en el acceso a internet, causando que los centros de datos ( DC) deban adaptar dinámicamente su infraestructura de red de cara a enfrentar posibles problemas de congestión, la cual no siempre se da de forma oportuna. Ante esto, nuevas topologías de red se han propuesto en los últimos años, como una forma de brindar mejores condiciones para el manejo de tráfico interno, sin embargo es común que para el estudio de estas mejoras, se necesite recrear el comportamiento de un verdadero DC en modelos de simulación/emulación. Por lo tanto se vuelve esencial validar dichos modelos, de cara a obtener resultados coherentes con la realidad. Esta validación es posible por medio de la identificación de ciertas propiedades que se deducen a partir de las variables y los parámetros que describen la red, y que se mantienen en las topologías de los DC para diversos escenarios y/o configuraciones. Estas propiedades, conocidas como invariantes, son una expresión del funcionamiento de la red en ambientes reales, como por ejemplo la ruta más larga entre dos nodos o el número de enlaces mínimo que deben fallar antes de una pérdida de conectividad en alguno de los nodos de la red. En el presente trabajo se realiza la identificación, formulación y comprobación de dos invariantes para la topología Fat-Tree, utilizando como software emulador a mininet. Las conclusiones muestran resultados concordantes entre lo analítico y lo práctico.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Escuela Politécnica Nacional Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Español Summary Language Español Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number cidis @ cidis @ Serial (down) 32  
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