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Author Miguel Oliveira; Vítor Santos; Angel D. Sappa; Paulo Dias; A. Paulo Moreira pdf  url
openurl 
  Title Incremental Scenario Representations for Autonomous Driving using Geometric Polygonal Primitives Type Journal Article
  Year 2016 Publication Robotics and Autonomous Systems Journal Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Vol. 83 Issue Pages pp. 312-325  
  Keywords Incremental scene reconstructionPoint cloudsAutonomous vehiclesPolygonal primitives  
  Abstract When an autonomous vehicle is traveling through some scenario it receives a continuous stream of sensor data. This sensor data arrives in an asynchronous fashion and often contains overlapping or redundant information. Thus, it is not trivial how a representation of the environment observed by the vehicle can be created and updated over time. This paper presents a novel methodology to compute an incremental 3D representation of a scenario from 3D range measurements. We propose to use macro scale polygonal primitives to model the scenario. This means that the representation of the scene is given as a list of large scale polygons that describe the geometric structure of the environment. Furthermore, we propose mechanisms designed to update the geometric polygonal primitives over time whenever fresh sensor data is collected. Results show that the approach is capable of producing accurate descriptions of the scene, and that it is computationally very efficient when compared to other reconstruction techniques.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language (up) English Summary Language English Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number cidis @ cidis @ Serial 49  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Monica Villavicencio; Alain Abran pdf  url
openurl 
  Title Educational Issues in the Teaching of Software Measurement in Software Engineering Undergraduate Programs Type Conference Article
  Year 2011 Publication Joint Conference of the International Workshop on Software Measurement and the International Conference on Software Process and Product Measurement Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Issue Pages 239-244  
  Keywords measurement; software engineering; higher education  
  Abstract In mature engineering disciplines and science, mathematics and measurement are considered as important subjects to be taught in university programs. This paper discusses about these subjects in terms of their respective meanings and complementarities. It also presents a discussion regarding their maturity, relevance and innovations in their teaching in engineering programs. This paper pays special attention to the teaching of software measurement in higher education, in particular with respect to mathematics and measurement in engineering in general. The findings from this analysis will be useful for researchers and educators interested in the enhancement of educational issues related to software measurement.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher IEEE Place of Publication Editor  
  Language (up) English Summary Language English Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number gtsi @ user @ Serial 68  
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Author Miguel Oliveira; Vítor Santos; Angel D. Sappa; Paulo Dias; A. Paulo Moreira pdf  url
openurl 
  Title Incremental Texture Mapping for Autonomous Driving Type Journal Article
  Year 2016 Publication Robotics and Autonomous Systems Journal Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Vol. 84 Issue Pages pp. 113-128  
  Keywords Scene reconstruction, Autonomous driving, Texture mapping  
  Abstract Autonomous vehicles have a large number of on-board sensors, not only for providing coverage all around the vehicle, but also to ensure multi-modality in the observation of the scene. Because of this, it is not trivial to come up with a single, unique representation that feeds from the data given by all these sensors. We propose an algorithm which is capable of mapping texture collected from vision based sensors onto a geometric description of the scenario constructed from data provided by 3D sensors. The algorithm uses a constrained Delaunay triangulation to produce a mesh which is updated using a specially devised sequence of operations. These enforce a partial configuration of the mesh that avoids bad quality textures and ensures that there are no gaps in the texture. Results show that this algorithm is capable of producing fine quality textures.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language (up) English Summary Language English Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number cidis @ cidis @ Serial 50  
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Author Miguel Realpe; Boris X. Vintimilla; Ljubo Vlacic pdf  openurl
  Title Multi-sensor Fusion Module in a Fault Tolerant Perception System for Autonomous Vehicles Type Journal Article
  Year 2016 Publication Journal of Automation and Control Engineering (JOACE) Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Vol. 4 Issue Pages pp. 430-436  
  Keywords Fault Tolerance, Data Fusion, Multi-sensor Fusion, Autonomous Vehicles, Perception System  
  Abstract Driverless vehicles are currently being tested on public roads in order to examine their ability to perform in a safe and reliable way in real world situations. However, the long-term reliable operation of a vehicle’s diverse sensors and the effects of potential sensor faults in the vehicle system have not been tested yet. This paper is proposing a sensor fusion architecture that minimizes the influence of a sensor fault. Experimental results are presented simulating faults by introducing displacements in the sensor information from the KITTI dataset.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language (up) English Summary Language English Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number cidis @ cidis @ Serial 51  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Miguel Realpe; Boris X. Vintimilla; Ljubo Vlacic pdf  openurl
  Title A Fault Tolerant Perception system for autonomous vehicles Type Conference Article
  Year 2016 Publication 35th Chinese Control Conference (CCC2016), International Conference on, Chengdu Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Issue Pages 1-6  
  Keywords Fault Tolerant Perception, Sensor Data Fusion, Fault Tolerance, Autonomous Vehicles, Federated Architecture  
  Abstract Driverless vehicles are currently being tested on public roads in order to examine their ability to perform in a safe and reliable way in real world situations. However, the long-term reliable operation of a vehicle’s diverse sensors and the effects of potential sensor faults in the vehicle system have not been tested yet. This paper is proposing a sensor fusion architecture that minimizes the influence of a sensor fault. Experimental results are presented simulating faults by introducing displacements in the sensor information from the KITTI dataset.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language (up) English Summary Language English Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number cidis @ cidis @ Serial 52  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Rafael E. Rivadeneira; Angel D. Sappa; Boris X. Vintimilla; Lin Guo; Jiankun Hou; Armin Mehri; Parichehr Behjati; Ardakani Heena Patel; Vishal Chudasama; Kalpesh Prajapati; Kishor P. Upla; Raghavendra Ramachandra; Kiran Raja; Christoph Busch; Feras Almasri; Olivier Debeir; Sabari Nathan; Priya Kansal; Nolan Gutierrez; Bardia Mojra; William J. Beksi pdf  isbn
openurl 
  Title Thermal Image Super-Resolution Challenge – PBVS 2020 Type Conference Article
  Year 2020 Publication The 16th IEEE Workshop on Perception Beyond the Visible Spectrum on the Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recongnition (CVPR 2020) Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume 2020-June Issue 9151059 Pages 432-439  
  Keywords  
  Abstract This paper summarizes the top contributions to the first challenge on thermal image super-resolution (TISR) which was organized as part of the Perception Beyond the Visible Spectrum (PBVS) 2020 workshop. In this challenge, a novel thermal image dataset is considered together with stateof-the-art approaches evaluated under a common framework.

The dataset used in the challenge consists of 1021 thermal images, obtained from three distinct thermal cameras at different resolutions (low-resolution, mid-resolution, and high-resolution), resulting in a total of 3063 thermal images. From each resolution, 951 images are used for training and 50 for testing while the 20 remaining images are used for two proposed evaluations. The first evaluation consists of downsampling the low-resolution, midresolution, and high-resolution thermal images by x2, x3 and x4 respectively, and comparing their super-resolution

results with the corresponding ground truth images. The second evaluation is comprised of obtaining the x2 superresolution from a given mid-resolution thermal image and comparing it with the corresponding semi-registered highresolution thermal image. Out of 51 registered participants, 6 teams reached the final validation phase.
 
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
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  Language (up) English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 21607508 ISBN 978-172819360-1 Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number cidis @ cidis @ Serial 123  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Henry O. Velesaca; Raul A. Mira; Patricia L. Suarez; Christian X. Larrea; Angel D. Sappa. pdf  isbn
openurl 
  Title Deep Learning based Corn Kernel Classification. Type Conference Article
  Year 2020 Publication The 1st International Workshop and Prize Challenge on Agriculture-Vision: Challenges & Opportunities for Computer Vision in Agriculture on the Conference Computer on Vision and Pattern Recongnition (CVPR 2020) Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume 2020-June Issue 9150684 Pages 294-302  
  Keywords  
  Abstract This paper presents a full pipeline to classify sample sets of corn kernels. The proposed approach follows a segmentation-classification scheme. The image segmentation is performed through a well known deep learning based

approach, the Mask R-CNN architecture, while the classification is performed by means of a novel-lightweight network specially designed for this task—good corn kernel, defective corn kernel and impurity categories are considered.

As a second contribution, a carefully annotated multitouching corn kernel dataset has been generated. This dataset has been used for training the segmentation and

the classification modules. Quantitative evaluations have been performed and comparisons with other approaches provided showing improvements with the proposed pipeline.
 
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language (up) English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 21607508 ISBN 978-172819360-1 Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number cidis @ cidis @ Serial 124  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Henry O. Velesaca, Steven Araujo, Patricia L. Suarez, Ángel Sanchez & Angel D. Sappa pdf  isbn
openurl 
  Title Off-the-Shelf Based System for Urban Environment Video Analytics. Type Conference Article
  Year 2020 Publication The 27th International Conference on Systems, Signals and Image Processing (IWSSIP 2020) Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume 2020-July Issue 9145121 Pages 459-464  
  Keywords Greenhouse gases, carbon footprint, object detection, object tracking, website framework, off-the-shelf video analytics.  
  Abstract This paper presents the design and implementation details of a system build-up by using off-the-shelf algorithms for urban video analytics. The system allows the connection to public video surveillance camera networks to obtain the necessary

information to generate statistics from urban scenarios (e.g., amount of vehicles, type of cars, direction, numbers of persons, etc.). The obtained information could be used not only for traffic management but also to estimate the carbon footprint of urban scenarios. As a case study, a university campus is selected to

evaluate the performance of the proposed system. The system is implemented in a modular way so that it is being used as a testbed to evaluate different algorithms. Implementation results are provided showing the validity and utility of the proposed approach.
 
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language (up) English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 21578672 ISBN 978-172817539-3 Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number cidis @ cidis @ Serial 125  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Cristhian A. Aguilera, Cristhian Aguilera, Cristóbal A. Navarro, & Angel D. Sappa pdf  openurl
  Title Fast CNN Stereo Depth Estimation through Embedded GPU Devices Type Journal Article
  Year 2020 Publication Sensors 2020 Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Vol. 2020-June Issue 11 Pages pp. 1-13  
  Keywords stereo matching; deep learning; embedded GPU  
  Abstract Current CNN-based stereo depth estimation models can barely run under real-time

constraints on embedded graphic processing unit (GPU) devices. Moreover, state-of-the-art

evaluations usually do not consider model optimization techniques, being that it is unknown what is

the current potential on embedded GPU devices. In this work, we evaluate two state-of-the-art models

on three different embedded GPU devices, with and without optimization methods, presenting

performance results that illustrate the actual capabilities of embedded GPU devices for stereo depth

estimation. More importantly, based on our evaluation, we propose the use of a U-Net like architecture

for postprocessing the cost-volume, instead of a typical sequence of 3D convolutions, drastically

augmenting the runtime speed of current models. In our experiments, we achieve real-time inference

speed, in the range of 5–32 ms, for 1216  368 input stereo images on the Jetson TX2, Jetson Xavier,

and Jetson Nano embedded devices.
 
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language (up) English Summary Language English Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 14248220 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number cidis @ cidis @ Serial 132  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Ángel Morera, Ángel Sánchez, A. Belén Moreno, Angel D. Sappa, & José F. Vélez pdf  isbn
openurl 
  Title SSD vs. YOLO for Detection of Outdoor Urban Advertising Panels under Multiple Variabilities. Type Journal Article
  Year 2020 Publication Abbreviated Journal In Sensors  
  Volume Vol. 2020-August Issue 16 Pages pp. 1-23  
  Keywords object detection; urban outdoor panels; one-stage detectors; Single Shot MultiBox Detector (SSD); You Only Look Once (YOLO); detection metrics; object and scene imaging variabilities  
  Abstract This work compares Single Shot MultiBox Detector (SSD) and You Only Look Once (YOLO)

deep neural networks for the outdoor advertisement panel detection problem by handling multiple

and combined variabilities in the scenes. Publicity panel detection in images o ers important

advantages both in the real world as well as in the virtual one. For example, applications like Google

Street View can be used for Internet publicity and when detecting these ads panels in images, it could

be possible to replace the publicity appearing inside the panels by another from a funding company.

In our experiments, both SSD and YOLO detectors have produced acceptable results under variable

sizes of panels, illumination conditions, viewing perspectives, partial occlusion of panels, complex

background and multiple panels in scenes. Due to the diculty of finding annotated images for the

considered problem, we created our own dataset for conducting the experiments. The major strength

of the SSD model was the almost elimination of False Positive (FP) cases, situation that is preferable

when the publicity contained inside the panel is analyzed after detecting them. On the other side,

YOLO produced better panel localization results detecting a higher number of True Positive (TP)

panels with a higher accuracy. Finally, a comparison of the two analyzed object detection models

with di erent types of semantic segmentation networks and using the same evaluation metrics is

also included.
 
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language (up) English Summary Language English Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN 14248220 Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number cidis @ cidis @ Serial 133  
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