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Author Victor Santos; Angel D. Sappa; Miguel Oliveira pdf  openurl
  Title Special Issue on Autonomous Driving an Driver Assistance Systems Type Journal Article
  Year 2017 Publication In Robotics and Autonomous Systems Journal Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Vol. 91 Issue Pages pp. 208-209  
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  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number gtsi @ user @ Serial 65  
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Author Xavier Soria; Angel D. Sappa; Riad Hammoud pdf  openurl
  Title Wide-Band Color Imagery Restoration for RGB-NIR Single Sensor Image. Sensors 2018 ,2059. Type Journal Article
  Year 2018 Publication Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Vol. 18 Issue Issue 7 Pages  
  Keywords  
  Abstract Multi-spectral RGB-NIR sensors have become ubiquitous in recent years. These sensors allow the visible and near-infrared spectral bands of a given scene to be captured at the same time. With such cameras, the acquired imagery has a compromised RGB color representation due to near-infrared bands (700–1100 nm) cross-talking with the visible bands (400–700 nm). This paper proposes two deep learning-based architectures to recover the full RGB color images, thus removing the NIR information from the visible bands. The proposed approaches directly restore the high-resolution RGB image by means of convolutional neural networks. They are evaluated with several outdoor images; both architectures reach a similar performance when evaluated in different scenarios and using different similarity metrics. Both of them improve the state of the art approaches.  
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  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number gtsi @ user @ Serial 96  
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Author Marta Diaz; Dennys Paillacho; Cecilio Angulo pdf  openurl
  Title Evaluating Group-Robot Interaction in Crowded Public Spaces: A Week-Long Exploratory Study in the Wild with a Humanoid Robot Guiding Visitors Through a Science Museum. Type Journal Article
  Year 2015 Publication International Journal of Humanoid Robotics Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Vol. 12 Issue Pages  
  Keywords Group-robot interaction; robotic-guide; social navigation; space management; spatial formations; group walking behavior; crowd behavior  
  Abstract This paper describes an exploratory study on group interaction with a robot-guide in an open large-scale busy environment. For an entire week a humanoid robot was deployed in the popular Cosmocaixa Science Museum in Barcelona and guided hundreds of people through the museum facilities. The main goal of this experience is to study in the wild the episodes of the robot guiding visitors to a requested destination focusing on the group behavior during displacement. The walking behavior follow-me and the face to face communication in a populated environment are analyzed in terms of guide- visitors interaction, grouping patterns and spatial formations. Results from observational data show that the space configurations spontaneously formed by the robot guide and visitors walking together did not always meet the robot communicative and navigational requirements for successful guidance. Therefore additional verbal and nonverbal prompts must be considered to regulate effectively the walking together and follow-me behaviors. Finally, we discuss lessons learned and recommendations for robot’s spatial behavior in dense crowded scenarios.  
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  Publisher International Journal of Humanoid Robotics Place of Publication Editor  
  Language English Summary Language English Original Title  
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  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number cidis @ cidis @ Serial 34  
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Author Miguel Realpe; Boris X. Vintimilla; Ljubo Vlacic pdf  openurl
  Title Multi-sensor Fusion Module in a Fault Tolerant Perception System for Autonomous Vehicles Type Journal Article
  Year 2016 Publication Journal of Automation and Control Engineering (JOACE) Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Vol. 4 Issue Pages pp. 430-436  
  Keywords Fault Tolerance, Data Fusion, Multi-sensor Fusion, Autonomous Vehicles, Perception System  
  Abstract Driverless vehicles are currently being tested on public roads in order to examine their ability to perform in a safe and reliable way in real world situations. However, the long-term reliable operation of a vehicle’s diverse sensors and the effects of potential sensor faults in the vehicle system have not been tested yet. This paper is proposing a sensor fusion architecture that minimizes the influence of a sensor fault. Experimental results are presented simulating faults by introducing displacements in the sensor information from the KITTI dataset.  
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  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number cidis @ cidis @ Serial 51  
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Author Marjorie Chalen; Boris X. Vintimilla pdf  openurl
  Title Towards Action Prediction Applying Deep Learning Type Journal Article
  Year 2019 Publication Latin American Conference on Computational Intelligence (LA-CCI); Guayaquil, Ecuador; 11-15 Noviembre 2019 Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Issue Pages pp. 1-3  
  Keywords action prediction, early recognition, early detec- tion, action anticipation, cnn, deep learning, rnn, lstm.  
  Abstract Considering the incremental development future action prediction by video analysis task of computer vision where it is done based upon incomplete action executions. Deep learning is playing an important role in this task framework. Thus, this paper describes recently techniques and pertinent datasets utilized in human action prediction task.  
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  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number cidis @ cidis @ Serial 129  
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Author Santos V.; Angel D. Sappa.; Oliveira M. & de la Escalera A. pdf  openurl
  Title Special Issue on Autonomous Driving and Driver Assistance Systems Type Journal Article
  Year 2019 Publication In Robotics and Autonomous Systems Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume 121 Issue Pages  
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  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number gtsi @ user @ Serial 119  
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Author Cristhian A. Aguilera, Cristhian Aguilera, Cristóbal A. Navarro, & Angel D. Sappa pdf  openurl
  Title Fast CNN Stereo Depth Estimation through Embedded GPU Devices Type Journal Article
  Year 2020 Publication Sensors 2020 Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Vol. 2020-June Issue 11 Pages pp. 1-13  
  Keywords stereo matching; deep learning; embedded GPU  
  Abstract Current CNN-based stereo depth estimation models can barely run under real-time

constraints on embedded graphic processing unit (GPU) devices. Moreover, state-of-the-art

evaluations usually do not consider model optimization techniques, being that it is unknown what is

the current potential on embedded GPU devices. In this work, we evaluate two state-of-the-art models

on three different embedded GPU devices, with and without optimization methods, presenting

performance results that illustrate the actual capabilities of embedded GPU devices for stereo depth

estimation. More importantly, based on our evaluation, we propose the use of a U-Net like architecture

for postprocessing the cost-volume, instead of a typical sequence of 3D convolutions, drastically

augmenting the runtime speed of current models. In our experiments, we achieve real-time inference

speed, in the range of 5–32 ms, for 1216  368 input stereo images on the Jetson TX2, Jetson Xavier,

and Jetson Nano embedded devices.
 
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  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 14248220 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number cidis @ cidis @ Serial 132  
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Author Ángel Morera, Ángel Sánchez, A. Belén Moreno, Angel D. Sappa, & José F. Vélez pdf  isbn
openurl 
  Title SSD vs. YOLO for Detection of Outdoor Urban Advertising Panels under Multiple Variabilities. Type Journal Article
  Year 2020 Publication Abbreviated Journal In Sensors  
  Volume Vol. 2020-August Issue 16 Pages pp. 1-23  
  Keywords object detection; urban outdoor panels; one-stage detectors; Single Shot MultiBox Detector (SSD); You Only Look Once (YOLO); detection metrics; object and scene imaging variabilities  
  Abstract This work compares Single Shot MultiBox Detector (SSD) and You Only Look Once (YOLO)

deep neural networks for the outdoor advertisement panel detection problem by handling multiple

and combined variabilities in the scenes. Publicity panel detection in images o ers important

advantages both in the real world as well as in the virtual one. For example, applications like Google

Street View can be used for Internet publicity and when detecting these ads panels in images, it could

be possible to replace the publicity appearing inside the panels by another from a funding company.

In our experiments, both SSD and YOLO detectors have produced acceptable results under variable

sizes of panels, illumination conditions, viewing perspectives, partial occlusion of panels, complex

background and multiple panels in scenes. Due to the diculty of finding annotated images for the

considered problem, we created our own dataset for conducting the experiments. The major strength

of the SSD model was the almost elimination of False Positive (FP) cases, situation that is preferable

when the publicity contained inside the panel is analyzed after detecting them. On the other side,

YOLO produced better panel localization results detecting a higher number of True Positive (TP)

panels with a higher accuracy. Finally, a comparison of the two analyzed object detection models

with di erent types of semantic segmentation networks and using the same evaluation metrics is

also included.
 
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  Language English Summary Language English Original Title  
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  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN 14248220 Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number cidis @ cidis @ Serial 133  
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Author Morocho-Cayamcela, M.E. & W. Lim pdf  openurl
  Title Lateral confinement of high-impedance surface-waves through reinforcement learning Type Journal Article
  Year 2020 Publication Electronics Letters Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Vol. 56 Issue 23, 12 November 2020 Pages pp. 1262-1264  
  Keywords  
  Abstract The authors present a model-free policy-based reinforcement learning

model that introduces perturbations on the pattern of a metasurface.

The objective is to learn a policy that changes the size of the

patches, and therefore the impedance in the sides of an artificially structured

material. The proposed iterative model assigns the highest reward

when the patch sizes allow the transmission along a constrained path

and penalties when the patch sizes make the surface wave radiate to

the sides of the metamaterial. After convergence, the proposed

model learns an optimal patch pattern that achieves lateral confinement

along the metasurface. Simulation results show that the proposed

learned-pattern can effectively guide the electromagnetic wave

through a metasurface, maintaining its instantaneous eigenstate when

the homogeneity is perturbed. Moreover, the pattern learned to

prevent reflections by changing the patch sizes adiabatically. The

reflection coefficient S1, 2 shows that most of the power gets transferred

from the source to the destination with the proposed design.
 
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  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number cidis @ cidis @ Serial 139  
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Author Morocho-Cayamcela, M.E. pdf  openurl
  Title Increasing the Segmentation Accuracy of Aerial Images with Dilated Spatial Pyramid Pooling Type Journal Article
  Year 2020 Publication Electronic Letters on Computer Vision and Image Analysis (ELCVIA) Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Vol. 19 Issue Issue 2 Pages pp. 17-21  
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  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number cidis @ cidis @ Serial 140  
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