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Author Miguel Realpe; Jonathan S. Paillacho Corredores; Joe Saverio & Allan Alarcon pdf  openurl
  Title Open Source system for identification of corn leaf chlorophyll contents based on multispectral images Type Conference Article
  Year (down) 2019 Publication International Conference on Applied Technologies (ICAT 2019); Quito, Ecuador Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Issue Pages 572-581  
  Keywords  
  Abstract It is important for farmers to know the level of chlorophyll in plants since this depends on the treatment they should give to their crops. There are two common classic methods to get chlorophyll values: from laboratory analysis and electronic devices. Both methods obtain the chlorophyll level of one sample at a time, although they can be destructive. The objective of this research is to develop a system that allows obtaining the chlorophyll level of plants using images.

Python programming language and different libraries of that language were used to develop the solution. It was decided to implement an image labeling module, a simple linear regression and a prediction module. The first module was used to create a database that links the values of the images with those of chlorophyll, which was then used to obtain linear regression in order to determine the relationship between these variables. Finally, the linear

regression was used in the prediction system to obtain chlorophyll values from the images. The linear regression was trained with 92 images, obtaining a root-mean-square error of 7.27 SPAD units. While the testing was perform using 10 values getting a maximum error of 15.5%.

It is concluded that the system is appropriate for chlorophyll contents identification of corn leaves in field tests.

However, it can also be adapted for other measurement and crops. The system can be downloaded at github.com/JoeSvr95/NDVI-Checking [1].
 
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  Call Number gtsi @ user @ Serial 116  
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Author W. Agila; Gomer Rubio; L. Miranda; D. Sanaguano pdf  openurl
  Title Open Control Architecture for the Characterization and Control of the PEM Fuel Cell Type Conference Article
  Year (down) 2019 Publication IEEE ETCM 2019 Fourth Ecuador Technical Chapters Meeting; Guayaquil, Ecuador Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Issue Pages 1-5  
  Keywords PEM fuel cell, Experimental System, Control Engineering.  
  Abstract Proton exchange membrane (PEM) fuel cells, are an efficient and clean source of electrical energy. The analysis of its operation requires experimental work, which allows measuring, modeling and optimizing PEM fuel cells electrical behavior under different operating conditions. Therefore, having an experimentation platform that allows to easily carry out its study and control is essential. This research presents the design and development of an open instrumental system that allows measuring, controlling and determining the operating parameters of a PEM fuel cell. As results, the polarization curves, voltage-current, obtained by the system itself in different experimental conditions are shown. These curves are a very useful tool to evaluate the electrical behavior of the PEM battery.  
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  Call Number gtsi @ user @ Serial 118  
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Author Santos V.; Angel D. Sappa.; Oliveira M. & de la Escalera A. pdf  openurl
  Title Special Issue on Autonomous Driving and Driver Assistance Systems Type Journal Article
  Year (down) 2019 Publication In Robotics and Autonomous Systems Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume 121 Issue Pages  
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  Call Number gtsi @ user @ Serial 119  
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Author Cristhian A. Aguilera; Cristhian Aguilera; Angel D. Sappa pdf  openurl
  Title Melamine faced panels defect classification beyond the visible spectrum. Type Journal Article
  Year (down) 2018 Publication In Sensors 2018 Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Vol. 11 Issue Issue 11 Pages  
  Keywords  
  Abstract In this work, we explore the use of images from different spectral bands to classify defects in melamine faced panels, which could appear through the production process. Through experimental evaluation, we evaluate the use of images from the visible (VS), near-infrared (NIR), and long wavelength infrared (LWIR), to classify the defects using a feature descriptor learning approach together with a support vector machine classifier. Two descriptors were evaluated, Extended Local Binary Patterns (E-LBP) and SURF using a Bag of Words (BoW) representation. The evaluation was carried on with an image set obtained during this work, which contained five different defect categories that currently occurs in the industry. Results show that using images from beyond

the visual spectrum helps to improve classification performance in contrast with a single visible spectrum solution.
 
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  Call Number gtsi @ user @ Serial 89  
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Author Milton Mendieta; F. Panchana; B. Andrade; B. Bayot; C. Vaca; Boris X. Vintimilla; Dennis G. Romero pdf  openurl
  Title Organ identification on shrimp histological images: A comparative study considering CNN and feature engineering. Type Conference Article
  Year (down) 2018 Publication IEEE Ecuador Technical Chapters Meeting ETCM 2018. Cuenca, Ecuador Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Issue Pages 1-6  
  Keywords  
  Abstract The identification of shrimp organs in biology using

histological images is a complex task. Shrimp histological images

poses a big challenge due to their texture and similarity among

classes. Image classification by using feature engineering and

convolutional neural networks (CNN) are suitable methods to

assist biologists when performing organ detection. This work

evaluates the Bag-of-Visual-Words (BOVW) and Pyramid-Bagof-

Words (PBOW) models for image classification leveraging big

data techniques; and transfer learning for the same classification

task by using a pre-trained CNN. A comparative analysis

of these two different techniques is performed, highlighting

the characteristics of both approaches on the shrimp organs

identification problem.
 
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  Call Number gtsi @ user @ Serial 87  
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Author Patricia L. Suarez; Angel D. Sappa; Boris X. Vintimilla; Riad I. Hammoud pdf  openurl
  Title Deep Learning based Single Image Dehazing Type Conference Article
  Year (down) 2018 Publication 14th IEEE Workshop on Perception Beyond the Visible Spectrum – In conjunction with CVPR 2018. Salt Lake City, Utah. USA Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Issue Pages  
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  Abstract This paper proposes a novel approach to remove haze

degradations in RGB images using a stacked conditional

Generative Adversarial Network (GAN). It employs a triplet

of GAN to remove the haze on each color channel independently.

A multiple loss functions scheme, applied over a

conditional probabilistic model, is proposed. The proposed

GAN architecture learns to remove the haze, using as conditioned

entrance, the images with haze from which the clear

images will be obtained. Such formulation ensures a fast

model training convergence and a homogeneous model generalization.

Experiments showed that the proposed method

generates high-quality clear images.
 
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  Call Number gtsi @ user @ Serial 83  
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Author Patricia L. Suarez; Angel D. Sappa; Boris X. Vintimilla pdf  url
openurl 
  Title Vegetation Index Estimation from Monospectral Images Type Conference Article
  Year (down) 2018 Publication 15th International Conference, Image Analysis and Recognition (ICIAR 2018), Póvoa de Varzim, Portugal. Lecture Notes in Computer Science Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume 10882 Issue Pages 353-362  
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  Abstract This paper proposes a novel approach to estimate Normalized

Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) from just the red channel of

a RGB image. The NDVI index is defined as the ratio of the difference

of the red and infrared radiances over their sum. In other words, information

from the red channel of a RGB image and the corresponding

infrared spectral band are required for its computation. In the current

work the NDVI index is estimated just from the red channel by training a

Conditional Generative Adversarial Network (CGAN). The architecture

proposed for the generative network consists of a single level structure,

which combines at the final layer results from convolutional operations

together with the given red channel with Gaussian noise to enhance

details, resulting in a sharp NDVI image. Then, the discriminative model

estimates the probability that the NDVI generated index came from the

training dataset, rather than the index automatically generated. Experimental

results with a large set of real images are provided showing that

a Conditional GAN single level model represents an acceptable approach

to estimate NDVI index.
 
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  Call Number gtsi @ user @ Serial 82  
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Author Patricia L. Suarez; Angel D. Sappa; Boris X. Vintimilla; Riad I. Hammoud pdf  openurl
  Title Near InfraRed Imagery Colorization Type Conference Article
  Year (down) 2018 Publication 25 th IEEE International Conference on Image Processing, ICIP 2018 Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Issue Pages 2237-2241  
  Keywords  
  Abstract This paper proposes a stacked conditional Generative

Adversarial Network-based method for Near InfraRed

(NIR) imagery colorization. We propose a variant architecture

of Generative Adversarial Network (GAN) that uses multiple

loss functions over a conditional probabilistic generative model.

We show that this new architecture/loss-function yields better

generalization and representation of the generated colored IR

images. The proposed approach is evaluated on a large test

dataset and compared to recent state of the art methods using

standard metrics.1

Index Terms—Convolutional Neural Networks (CNN), Generative

Adversarial Network (GAN), Infrared Imagery colorization.
 
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  Call Number gtsi @ user @ Serial 81  
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Author Patricia L. Suarez; Angel D. Sappa; Boris X. Vintimilla pdf  url
openurl 
  Title Adaptive Harris Corners Detector Evaluated with Cross-Spectral Images Type Conference Article
  Year (down) 2018 Publication International Conference on Information Technology & Systems (ICITS 2018). ICITS 2018. Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume 721 Issue Pages  
  Keywords  
  Abstract This paper proposes a novel approach to use cross-spectral

images to achieve a better performance with the proposed Adaptive Harris

corner detector comparing its obtained results with those achieved

with images of the visible spectra. The images of urban, field, old-building

and country category were used for the experiments, given the variety of

the textures present in these images, with which the complexity of the

proposal is much more challenging for its verification. It is a new scope,

which means improving the detection of characteristic points using crossspectral

images (NIR, G, B) and applying pruning techniques, the combination

of channels for this fusion is the one that generates the largest

variance based on the intensity of the merged pixels, therefore, it is that

which maximizes the entropy in the resulting Cross-spectral images.

Harris is one of the most widely used corner detection algorithm, so

any improvement in its efficiency is an important contribution in the

field of computer vision. The experiments conclude that the inclusion of

a (NIR) channel in the image as a result of the combination of the spectra,

greatly improves the corner detection due to better entropy of the

resulting image after the fusion, Therefore the fusion process applied to

the images improves the results obtained in subsequent processes such as

identification of objects or patterns, classification and/or segmentation.
 
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  Call Number gtsi @ user @ Serial 84  
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Author Wilton Agila; Gomer Rubio; L. Miranda; L. Vázquez pdf  openurl
  Title Qualitative Model of Control in the Pressure Stabilization of PEM Fuel Cell Type Conference Article
  Year (down) 2018 Publication 7th International Conference on Renewable Energy Research and Applications, ICRERA 2018. Paris, Francia. Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Issue Pages 1221-1226  
  Keywords  
  Abstract This work describes an approximate reasoning

technique to deal with the non-linearity that occurs in the

stabilization of the pressure of anodic and cathodic gases of a

proton exchange membrane fuel cell (PEM). The implementation

of a supervisory element in the stabilization of the pressure of the

PEM cell is described. The fuzzy supervisor is a reference

control, it varies the value of the reference given to the classic

low-level controller, Proportional – Integral – Derivative (PID),

according to the speed of change of the measured pressure and

the change in the error of the pressure. The objective of the fuzzy

supervisor is to achieve a rapid response over time of the variable

pressure, avoiding unwanted overruns with respect to the

reference value. A comparative analysis is detailed with the

classic PID control to evaluate the operation of the “fuzzy

supervisor”, with different flow values and different sizes of

active area of the PEM cell (electric power generated).
 
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  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number gtsi @ user @ Serial 88  
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