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Cristhian A. Aguilera, C. A., Cristóbal A. Navarro, & Angel D. Sappa. (2020). Fast CNN Stereo Depth Estimation through Embedded GPU Devices. Sensors 2020, Vol. 2020-June(11), pp. 1–13.
Abstract: Current CNN-based stereo depth estimation models can barely run under real-time
constraints on embedded graphic processing unit (GPU) devices. Moreover, state-of-the-art
evaluations usually do not consider model optimization techniques, being that it is unknown what is
the current potential on embedded GPU devices. In this work, we evaluate two state-of-the-art models
on three different embedded GPU devices, with and without optimization methods, presenting
performance results that illustrate the actual capabilities of embedded GPU devices for stereo depth
estimation. More importantly, based on our evaluation, we propose the use of a U-Net like architecture
for postprocessing the cost-volume, instead of a typical sequence of 3D convolutions, drastically
augmenting the runtime speed of current models. In our experiments, we achieve real-time inference
speed, in the range of 5–32 ms, for 1216 368 input stereo images on the Jetson TX2, Jetson Xavier,
and Jetson Nano embedded devices.