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Wilton Agila, Gomer Rubio, Francisco Vidal, & B. Lima. (2019). Real time Qualitative Model for estimate Water content in PEM Fuel Cell. In 8th International Conference on Renewable Energy Research and Applications (ICRERA 2019); Brasov, Rumania (pp. 455–459).
Abstract: To maintain optimum performance of the electrical
response of a fuel cell, a real time identification of the
malfunction situations is required. Critical fuel cell states depend,
among others, on the variable demand of electric load and are
directly related to the membrane hydration level. The real time
perception of relevant states in the PEM fuel cell states space, is
still a challenge for the PEM fuel cell control systems. Current
work presents the design and implementation of a methodology
based upon fuzzy decision techniques that allows real time
characterization of the dehydration and flooding states of a PEM
fuel cell. Real time state estimation is accomplished through a
perturbation-perception process on the PEM fuel cell and further
on voltage oscillation analysis. The real time implementation of
the perturbation-perception algorithm to detect PEM fuel cell
critical states is a novelty and a step forwards the control of the
PEM fuel cell to reach and maintain optimal performance.
G.A. Rubio, & Wilton Agila. (2019). Sustainable Energy: A Strategic View of Fuel Cells. In 8th International Conference on Renewable Energy Research and Applications (ICRERA 2019); Brasov, Rumania (pp. 239–243).
Abstract: Based on the model of the proton exchange fuel cell in a strategic context,
this document develops the issue of energy as one of the pillars to achieve the
sustainability of our planet, considering the future scenarios up to the year 2060 of the
situation energy, hydrogen as a strategic vector and the contribution of the fuel cell in
solving the serious problems of environmental pollution and economic inequity that
humanity faces; for its application in the energy generation, telecommunications and
vehicle manufacturing industries.
G.A. Rubio, & Wilton Agila. (2019). Transients analysis in Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells: A critical review. In 8th International Conference on Renewable Energy Research and Applications (ICRERA 2019); Brasov, Rumania (pp. 249–252).
Abstract: When a proton exchange fuel cell operates it produces in addition to electrical
energy, heat and water as sub products, which impact on the performance of the cell. This
paper analyzes the issue of transients and proposes a model that describes the dynamic
operation of the fuel cell. The model considers the transients produced by electrochemical
reactions, by flow water and by heat transfer. Two-phase flow transients result in
increased the parasitic power losses and thermal transients may result in flooding or dryout of the GDL and membrane, understanding transient behavior is critical for reliable
and predictable performance from the cell.