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Patricia L. Suarez, Angel D. Sappa, & Boris X. Vintimilla. (2019). Image patch similarity through a meta-learning metric based approach. In 15th International Conference on Signal Image Technology & Internet based Systems (SITIS 2019); Sorrento, Italia (pp. 511–517).
Abstract: Comparing images regions are one of the core methods used on computer vision for tasks like image classification, scene understanding, object detection and recognition. Hence, this paper proposes a novel approach to determine similarity of image regions (patches), in order to obtain the best representation of image patches. This problem has been studied by many researchers presenting different approaches, however, the ability to find the better criteria to measure the similarity on image regions are still a challenge. The present work tackles this problem using a few-shot metric based meta-learning framework able to compare image regions and determining a similarity measure to decide if there is similarity between the compared patches. Our model is training end-to-end from scratch. Experimental results
have shown that the proposed approach effectively estimates the similarity of the patches and, comparing it with the state of the art approaches, shows better results.
Patricia L. Suarez, Angel D. Sappa, Boris X. Vintimilla, & Riad I. Hammoud. (2018). Deep Learning based Single Image Dehazing. In 14th IEEE Workshop on Perception Beyond the Visible Spectrum – In conjunction with CVPR 2018. Salt Lake City, Utah. USA.
Abstract: This paper proposes a novel approach to remove haze
degradations in RGB images using a stacked conditional
Generative Adversarial Network (GAN). It employs a triplet
of GAN to remove the haze on each color channel independently.
A multiple loss functions scheme, applied over a
conditional probabilistic model, is proposed. The proposed
GAN architecture learns to remove the haze, using as conditioned
entrance, the images with haze from which the clear
images will be obtained. Such formulation ensures a fast
model training convergence and a homogeneous model generalization.
Experiments showed that the proposed method
generates high-quality clear images.
Patricia L. Suarez, Angel D. Sappa, Boris X. Vintimilla, & Riad I. Hammoud. (2018). Near InfraRed Imagery Colorization. In 25 th IEEE International Conference on Image Processing, ICIP 2018 (pp. 2237–2241).
Abstract: This paper proposes a stacked conditional Generative
Adversarial Network-based method for Near InfraRed
(NIR) imagery colorization. We propose a variant architecture
of Generative Adversarial Network (GAN) that uses multiple
loss functions over a conditional probabilistic generative model.
We show that this new architecture/loss-function yields better
generalization and representation of the generated colored IR
images. The proposed approach is evaluated on a large test
dataset and compared to recent state of the art methods using
Index Terms—Convolutional Neural Networks (CNN), Generative
Adversarial Network (GAN), Infrared Imagery colorization.
Patricia L. Suarez, Angel D. Sappa, Boris X. Vintimilla, & Riad I. Hammoud. (2019). Image Vegetation Index through a Cycle Generative Adversarial Network. In Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition Workshops (CVPR 2019); Long Beach, California, United States (pp. 1014–1021).
Abstract: This paper proposes a novel approach to estimate the
Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) just from
an RGB image. The NDVI values are obtained by using
images from the visible spectral band together with a synthetic near infrared image obtained by a cycled GAN. The
cycled GAN network is able to obtain a NIR image from
a given gray scale image. It is trained by using unpaired
set of gray scale and NIR images by using a U-net architecture and a multiple loss function (gray scale images are
obtained from the provided RGB images). Then, the NIR
image estimated with the proposed cycle generative adversarial network is used to compute the NDVI index. Experimental results are provided showing the validity of the proposed approach. Additionally, comparisons with previous
approaches are also provided.
Rafael E. Rivadeneira, A. D. S., Boris X. Vintimilla, Chenyang Wang, Junjun Jiang, Xianming Liu, Zhiwei Zhong, Dai Bin, Li Ruodi, Li Shengye. (2023). Thermal Image Super-Resolution Challenge Results – PBVS 2023. In 19th IEEE Workshop on Perception Beyond the Visible Spectrum de la Conferencia Computer Vision & Pattern Recognition CVPR 2023, junio 18-28.
Rafael E. Rivadeneira, A. D. S., Boris X. Vintimilla, Jin Kim, Dogun Kim et al. (2022). Thermal Image Super-Resolution Challenge Results- PBVS 2022. In Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition Workshops, (CVPRW 2022), junio 19-24. (Vol. 2022-June, pp. 349–357).
Abstract: This paper presents results from the third Thermal Image
Super-Resolution (TISR) challenge organized in the Perception Beyond the Visible Spectrum (PBVS) 2022 workshop.
The challenge uses the same thermal image dataset as the
first two challenges, with 951 training images and 50 validation images at each resolution. A set of 20 images was
kept aside for testing. The evaluation tasks were to measure
the PSNR and SSIM between the SR image and the ground
truth (HR thermal noisy image downsampled by four), and
also to measure the PSNR and SSIM between the SR image
and the semi-registered HR image (acquired with another
camera). The results outperformed those from last year’s
challenge, improving both evaluation metrics. This year,
almost 100 teams participants registered for the challenge,
showing the community’s interest in this hot topic.
Rafael E. Rivadeneira, Angel D. Sappa, & Boris X. Vintimilla. (2020). Thermal Image Super-Resolution: a Novel Architecture and Dataset. In The 15th International Joint Conference on Computer Vision, Imaging and Computer Graphics Theory and Applications (VISIGRAPP 2020); Valletta, Malta; 27-29 Febrero 2020 (Vol. 4, pp. 111–119).
Abstract: This paper proposes a novel CycleGAN architecture for thermal image super-resolution, together with a large
dataset consisting of thermal images at different resolutions. The dataset has been acquired using three thermal
cameras at different resolutions, which acquire images from the same scenario at the same time. The thermal
cameras are mounted in rig trying to minimize the baseline distance to make easier the registration problem.
The proposed architecture is based on ResNet6 as a Generator and PatchGAN as Discriminator. The novelty
on the proposed unsupervised super-resolution training (CycleGAN) is possible due to the existence of aforementioned thermal images—images of the same scenario with different resolutions. The proposed approach
is evaluated in the dataset and compared with classical bicubic interpolation. The dataset and the network are
Rafael E. Rivadeneira, Angel D. Sappa, Boris X. Vintimilla, Lin Guo, Jiankun Hou, Armin Mehri, et al. (2020). Thermal Image Super-Resolution Challenge – PBVS 2020. In The 16th IEEE Workshop on Perception Beyond the Visible Spectrum on the Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recongnition (CVPR 2020) (Vol. 2020-June, pp. 432–439).
Abstract: This paper summarizes the top contributions to the first challenge on thermal image super-resolution (TISR) which was organized as part of the Perception Beyond the Visible Spectrum (PBVS) 2020 workshop. In this challenge, a novel thermal image dataset is considered together with stateof-the-art approaches evaluated under a common framework.
The dataset used in the challenge consists of 1021 thermal images, obtained from three distinct thermal cameras at different resolutions (low-resolution, mid-resolution, and high-resolution), resulting in a total of 3063 thermal images. From each resolution, 951 images are used for training and 50 for testing while the 20 remaining images are used for two proposed evaluations. The first evaluation consists of downsampling the low-resolution, midresolution, and high-resolution thermal images by x2, x3 and x4 respectively, and comparing their super-resolution
results with the corresponding ground truth images. The second evaluation is comprised of obtaining the x2 superresolution from a given mid-resolution thermal image and comparing it with the corresponding semi-registered highresolution thermal image. Out of 51 registered participants, 6 teams reached the final validation phase.
Rafael E. Rivadeneira, Patricia L. Suarez, Angel D. Sappa, & Boris X. Vintimilla. (2019). Thermal Image SuperResolution through Deep Convolutional Neural Network. In 16th International Conference on Image Analysis and Recognition (ICIAR 2019); Waterloo, Canadá (pp. 417–426).
Abstract: Due to the lack of thermal image datasets, a new dataset has been acquired for proposed a superesolution approach using a Deep Convolution Neural Network schema. In order to achieve this image enhancement process a new thermal images dataset is used. Di?erent experiments have been carried out, ?rstly, the proposed architecture has been trained using only images of the visible spectrum, and later it has been trained with images of the thermal spectrum, the results showed that with the network trained with thermal images, better results are obtained in the process of enhancing the images, maintaining the image details and perspective. The thermal dataset is available at http://www.cidis.espol.edu.ec/es/dataset
Ricaurte P, Chilán C, Cristhian A. Aguilera, Boris X. Vintimilla, & Angel D. Sappa. (2014). Feature Point Descriptors: Infrared and Visible Spectra. Sensors Journal, Vol. 14, pp. 3690–3701.
Abstract: This manuscript evaluates the behavior of classical feature point descriptors when they are used in images from long-wave infrared spectral band and compare them with the results obtained in the visible spectrum. Robustness to changes in rotation, scaling, blur, and additive noise are analyzed using a state of the art framework. Experimental results using a cross-spectral outdoor image data set are presented and conclusions from these experiments are given.