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Author Miguel Realpe; Boris X. Vintimilla; Ljubo Vlacic pdf  url
openurl 
  Title Sensor Fault Detection and Diagnosis for autonomous vehicles Type Conference Article
  Year 2015 Publication 2nd International Conference on Mechatronics, Automation and Manufacturing (ICMAM 2015), International Conference on, Singapur, 2015 Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume 30 Issue MATEC Web of Conferences Pages 1-6  
  Keywords  
  Abstract In recent years testing autonomous vehicles on public roads has become a reality. However, before having autonomous vehicles completely accepted on the roads, they have to demonstrate safe operation and reliable interaction with other traffic participants. Furthermore, in real situations and long term operation, there is always the possibility that diverse components may fail. This paper deals with possible sensor faults by defining a federated sensor data fusion architecture. The proposed architecture is designed to detect obstacles in an autonomous vehicle’s environment while detecting a faulty sensor using SVM models for fault detection and diagnosis. Experimental results using sensor information from the KITTI dataset confirm the feasibility of the proposed architecture to detect soft and hard faults from a particular sensor.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher EDP Sciences Place of Publication Editor  
  Language (up) English Summary Language English Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number cidis @ cidis @ Serial 42  
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Author Julien Poujol; Cristhian A. Aguilera; Etienne Danos; Boris X. Vintimilla; Ricardo Toledo; Angel D. Sappa pdf  url
openurl 
  Title A visible-Thermal Fusion based Monocular Visual Odometry Type Conference Article
  Year 2015 Publication Iberian Robotics Conference (ROBOT 2015), International Conference on, Lisbon, Portugal, 2015 Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume 417 Issue Pages 517-528  
  Keywords Monocular Visual Odometry; LWIR-RGB cross-spectral Imaging; Image Fusion  
  Abstract The manuscript evaluates the performance of a monocular visual odometry approach when images from different spectra are considered, both independently and fused. The objective behind this evaluation is to analyze if classical approaches can be improved when the given images, which are from different spectra, are fused and represented in new domains. The images in these new domains should have some of the following properties: i) more robust to noisy data; ii) less sensitive to changes (e.g., lighting); iii) more rich in descriptive information, among other. In particular in the current work two different image fusion strategies are considered. Firstly, images from the visible and thermal spectrum are fused using a Discrete Wavelet Transform (DWT) approach. Secondly, a monochrome threshold strategy is considered. The obtained representations are evaluated under a visual odometry framework, highlighting their advantages and disadvantages, using different urban and semi-urban scenarios. Comparisons with both monocular-visible spectrum and monocular-infrared spectrum, are also provided showing the validity of the proposed approach.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language (up) English Summary Language English Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number cidis @ cidis @ Serial 44  
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Author Miguel Oliveira; Vítor Santos; Angel D. Sappa; Paulo Dias pdf  openurl
  Title Scene representations for autonomous driving: an approach based on polygonal primitives Type Conference Article
  Year 2015 Publication Iberian Robotics Conference (ROBOT 2015), Lisbon, Portugal, 2015 Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume 417 Issue Pages 503-515  
  Keywords Scene reconstruction, Point cloud, Autonomous vehicles  
  Abstract In this paper, we present a novel methodology to compute a 3D scene representation. The algorithm uses macro scale polygonal primitives to model the scene. This means that the representation of the scene is given as a list of large scale polygons that describe the geometric structure of the environment. Results show that the approach is capable of producing accurate descriptions of the scene. In addition, the algorithm is very efficient when compared to other techniques.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016 Place of Publication Editor  
  Language (up) English Summary Language English Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference Second Iberian Robotics Conference  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number cidis @ cidis @ Serial 45  
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Author Wilton Agila; Ricardo Cajo; Douglas Plaza pdf  url
openurl 
  Title Experts Agents in PEM Fuel Cell Control Type Conference Article
  Year 2015 Publication 4ta International Conference on Renewable Energy Research and Applications Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Issue Pages 896 - 900  
  Keywords s- PEM Fuel Cell; Expert Agent; Perceptive Agents; Acting Agent; Fuzzy Controller  
  Abstract In the control of the PEM (Proton Exchange Membrane) fuel cell, the existence of both deliberative and reactive processes that facilitate the tasks of control resulting from a wide range of operating scenarios and range of conditions it is required. The latter is essential to adjust its parameters to the multiplicity of circumstances that may occur in the operation of the PEM stack. In this context, the design and development of an expert-agents based architecture for autonomous control of the PEM stack in top working conditions is presented. The architecture integrates perception and control algorithms using sensory and context information. It is structured in a hierarchy of levels with different time window and level of abstraction. The monitoring model and autonomic control of PEM stack has been validated with different types of PEM stacks and operating conditions demonstrating high reliability in achieving the objective of the proposed energy efficiency. Dynamic control of the wetting of the membrane is a clear example.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher IEEE Place of Publication Palermo, Italy Editor  
  Language (up) English Summary Language English Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference 2015 International Conference on Renewable Energy Research and Applications (ICRERA)  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number cidis @ cidis @ Serial 46  
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Author Angel D. Sappa; Juan A. Carvajal; Cristhian A. Aguilera; Miguel Oliveira; Dennis G. Romero; Boris X. Vintimilla pdf  url
openurl 
  Title Wavelet-Based Visible and Infrared Image Fusion: A Comparative Study Type Journal Article
  Year 2016 Publication Sensors Journal Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Vol. 16 Issue Pages pp. 1-15  
  Keywords image fusion; fusion evaluation metrics; visible and infrared imaging; discrete wavelet transform  
  Abstract This paper evaluates different wavelet-based cross-spectral image fusion strategies adopted to merge visible and infrared images. The objective is to find the best setup independently of the evaluation metric used to measure the performance. Quantitative performance results are obtained with state of the art approaches together with adaptations proposed in the current work. The options evaluated in the current work result from the combination of different setups in the wavelet image decomposition stage together with different fusion strategies for the final merging stage that generates the resulting representation. Most of the approaches evaluate results according to the application for which they are intended for. Sometimes a human observer is selected to judge the quality of the obtained results. In the current work, quantitative values are considered in order to find correlations between setups and performance of obtained results; these correlations can be used to define a criteria for selecting the best fusion strategy for a given pair of cross-spectral images. The whole procedure is evaluated with a large set of correctly registered visible and infrared image pairs, including both Near InfraRed (NIR) and LongWave InfraRed (LWIR).  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language (up) English Summary Language English Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number cidis @ cidis @ Serial 47  
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Author Cristhian A. Aguilera; Francisco J. Aguilera; Angel D. Sappa; Ricardo Toledo pdf  openurl
  Title Learning crossspectral similarity measures with deep convolutional neural networks Type Conference Article
  Year 2016 Publication IEEE International Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (CVPR) Workshops Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Issue Pages 267-275  
  Keywords  
  Abstract The simultaneous use of images from different spectra can be helpful to improve the performance of many com- puter vision tasks. The core idea behind the usage of cross- spectral approaches is to take advantage of the strengths of each spectral band providing a richer representation of a scene, which cannot be obtained with just images from one spectral band. In this work we tackle the cross-spectral image similarity problem by using Convolutional Neural Networks (CNNs). We explore three different CNN archi- tectures to compare the similarity of cross-spectral image patches. Specifically, we train each network with images from the visible and the near-infrared spectrum, and then test the result with two public cross-spectral datasets. Ex- perimental results show that CNN approaches outperform the current state-of-art on both cross-spectral datasets. Ad- ditionally, our experiments show that some CNN architec- tures are capable of generalizing between different cross- spectral domains.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language (up) English Summary Language English Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number cidis @ cidis @ Serial 48  
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Author Miguel Oliveira; Vítor Santos; Angel D. Sappa; Paulo Dias; A. Paulo Moreira pdf  url
openurl 
  Title Incremental Scenario Representations for Autonomous Driving using Geometric Polygonal Primitives Type Journal Article
  Year 2016 Publication Robotics and Autonomous Systems Journal Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Vol. 83 Issue Pages pp. 312-325  
  Keywords Incremental scene reconstructionPoint cloudsAutonomous vehiclesPolygonal primitives  
  Abstract When an autonomous vehicle is traveling through some scenario it receives a continuous stream of sensor data. This sensor data arrives in an asynchronous fashion and often contains overlapping or redundant information. Thus, it is not trivial how a representation of the environment observed by the vehicle can be created and updated over time. This paper presents a novel methodology to compute an incremental 3D representation of a scenario from 3D range measurements. We propose to use macro scale polygonal primitives to model the scenario. This means that the representation of the scene is given as a list of large scale polygons that describe the geometric structure of the environment. Furthermore, we propose mechanisms designed to update the geometric polygonal primitives over time whenever fresh sensor data is collected. Results show that the approach is capable of producing accurate descriptions of the scene, and that it is computationally very efficient when compared to other reconstruction techniques.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language (up) English Summary Language English Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number cidis @ cidis @ Serial 49  
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Author Monica Villavicencio; Alain Abran pdf  url
openurl 
  Title Educational Issues in the Teaching of Software Measurement in Software Engineering Undergraduate Programs Type Conference Article
  Year 2011 Publication Joint Conference of the International Workshop on Software Measurement and the International Conference on Software Process and Product Measurement Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Issue Pages 239-244  
  Keywords measurement; software engineering; higher education  
  Abstract In mature engineering disciplines and science, mathematics and measurement are considered as important subjects to be taught in university programs. This paper discusses about these subjects in terms of their respective meanings and complementarities. It also presents a discussion regarding their maturity, relevance and innovations in their teaching in engineering programs. This paper pays special attention to the teaching of software measurement in higher education, in particular with respect to mathematics and measurement in engineering in general. The findings from this analysis will be useful for researchers and educators interested in the enhancement of educational issues related to software measurement.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher IEEE Place of Publication Editor  
  Language (up) English Summary Language English Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number gtsi @ user @ Serial 68  
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Author Miguel Oliveira; Vítor Santos; Angel D. Sappa; Paulo Dias; A. Paulo Moreira pdf  url
openurl 
  Title Incremental Texture Mapping for Autonomous Driving Type Journal Article
  Year 2016 Publication Robotics and Autonomous Systems Journal Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Vol. 84 Issue Pages pp. 113-128  
  Keywords Scene reconstruction, Autonomous driving, Texture mapping  
  Abstract Autonomous vehicles have a large number of on-board sensors, not only for providing coverage all around the vehicle, but also to ensure multi-modality in the observation of the scene. Because of this, it is not trivial to come up with a single, unique representation that feeds from the data given by all these sensors. We propose an algorithm which is capable of mapping texture collected from vision based sensors onto a geometric description of the scenario constructed from data provided by 3D sensors. The algorithm uses a constrained Delaunay triangulation to produce a mesh which is updated using a specially devised sequence of operations. These enforce a partial configuration of the mesh that avoids bad quality textures and ensures that there are no gaps in the texture. Results show that this algorithm is capable of producing fine quality textures.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language (up) English Summary Language English Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number cidis @ cidis @ Serial 50  
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Author Miguel Realpe; Boris X. Vintimilla; Ljubo Vlacic pdf  openurl
  Title Multi-sensor Fusion Module in a Fault Tolerant Perception System for Autonomous Vehicles Type Journal Article
  Year 2016 Publication Journal of Automation and Control Engineering (JOACE) Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Vol. 4 Issue Pages pp. 430-436  
  Keywords Fault Tolerance, Data Fusion, Multi-sensor Fusion, Autonomous Vehicles, Perception System  
  Abstract Driverless vehicles are currently being tested on public roads in order to examine their ability to perform in a safe and reliable way in real world situations. However, the long-term reliable operation of a vehicle’s diverse sensors and the effects of potential sensor faults in the vehicle system have not been tested yet. This paper is proposing a sensor fusion architecture that minimizes the influence of a sensor fault. Experimental results are presented simulating faults by introducing displacements in the sensor information from the KITTI dataset.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language (up) English Summary Language English Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number cidis @ cidis @ Serial 51  
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