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Author Mónica Villavicencio; Alain Abran pdf  url
openurl 
  Title Facts and Perceptions Regarding Software Measurement in Education and in Practice: Preliminary Results Type Journal Article
  Year 2011 Publication Journal of Software Engineering and Application Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Issue Pages pp. 227-234  
  Keywords Software measurement, education, software engineering  
  Abstract How is software measurement addressed in undergraduate and graduate programs in universities? Do organizations consider that the graduating students they hire have an adequate knowledge of software measurement? To answer these and related questions, a survey was administered to participants who attended the IWSM-MENSURA 2010 conference in Stuttgart, Germany. Forty-seven of the 69 conference participants (including software development practitioners, software measurement consultants, university professors, and graduate students) took part in the survey. The results indicate that software measurement topics are: A) covered mostly at the graduate level and not at the undergraduate level, and B) not mandatory. Graduate students and professors consider that, of the measurement topics covered in university curricula, specific topics, such as measures for the requirements phase, and measurement techniques and tools, receive more attention in the academic context. A common observation of the practitioners who participated in the survey was that students hired as new employees bring limited software measurement-related knowledge to their organizations. Discussion of the findings and directions for future research are presented.  
  Address 2 CIDIS-FIEC, Escuela Superior Politécnica del Litoral (ESPOL), Guayaquil, Ecuador  
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  Language English Summary Language (up) English Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
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  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number cidis @ cidis @ Serial 17  
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Author Carlos Monsalve; Alain April and Alain Abran pdf  url
openurl 
  Title Measuring software functional size from business process models Type Journal Article
  Year 2011 Publication International Journal of Software Engineering and Knowledge Engineering Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Vol. 21 Issue Pages pp. 311–338  
  Keywords  
  Abstract ISO 14143-1 specifies that a functional size measurement (FSM) method must provide measurement procedures to quantify the functional user requirements (FURs) of software. Such quantitative information, functional size, is typically used, for instance, in software estimation. One of the international standards for FSM is the COSMIC FSM method — ISO 19761 — which was designed to be applied both to the business application (BA) software domain and to the real-time software domain. A recurrent problem in FSM is the availability and quality of the inputs required for measurement purposes; that is, well documented FURs. Business process (BP) models, as they are commonly used to gather requirements from the early stages of a project, could be a valuable source of information for FSM. In a previous article, the feasibility of such an approach for the BA domain was analyzed using the Qualigram BP modeling notation. This paper complements that work by: (1) analyzing the use of BPMN for FSM in the BA domain; (2) presenting notation-independent guidelines for the BA domain; and (3) analyzing the possibility of using BP models to perform FSM in the real-time domain. The measurement results obtained from BP models are compared with those of previous FSM case studies.  
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  Language English Summary Language (up) English Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
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  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number cidis @ cidis @ Serial 19  
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Author Ricaurte P; Chilán C; Cristhian A. Aguilera; Boris X. Vintimilla; Angel D. Sappa pdf  url
openurl 
  Title Feature Point Descriptors: Infrared and Visible Spectra Type Journal Article
  Year 2014 Publication Sensors Journal Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Vol. 14 Issue Pages pp. 3690-3701  
  Keywords cross-spectral imaging; feature point descriptors  
  Abstract This manuscript evaluates the behavior of classical feature point descriptors when they are used in images from long-wave infrared spectral band and compare them with the results obtained in the visible spectrum. Robustness to changes in rotation, scaling, blur, and additive noise are analyzed using a state of the art framework. Experimental results using a cross-spectral outdoor image data set are presented and conclusions from these experiments are given.  
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  Language English Summary Language (up) English Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
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  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number cidis @ cidis @ Serial 28  
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Author Marta Diaz; Dennys Paillacho; Cecilio Angulo pdf  openurl
  Title Evaluating Group-Robot Interaction in Crowded Public Spaces: A Week-Long Exploratory Study in the Wild with a Humanoid Robot Guiding Visitors Through a Science Museum. Type Journal Article
  Year 2015 Publication International Journal of Humanoid Robotics Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Vol. 12 Issue Pages  
  Keywords Group-robot interaction; robotic-guide; social navigation; space management; spatial formations; group walking behavior; crowd behavior  
  Abstract This paper describes an exploratory study on group interaction with a robot-guide in an open large-scale busy environment. For an entire week a humanoid robot was deployed in the popular Cosmocaixa Science Museum in Barcelona and guided hundreds of people through the museum facilities. The main goal of this experience is to study in the wild the episodes of the robot guiding visitors to a requested destination focusing on the group behavior during displacement. The walking behavior follow-me and the face to face communication in a populated environment are analyzed in terms of guide- visitors interaction, grouping patterns and spatial formations. Results from observational data show that the space configurations spontaneously formed by the robot guide and visitors walking together did not always meet the robot communicative and navigational requirements for successful guidance. Therefore additional verbal and nonverbal prompts must be considered to regulate effectively the walking together and follow-me behaviors. Finally, we discuss lessons learned and recommendations for robot’s spatial behavior in dense crowded scenarios.  
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  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher International Journal of Humanoid Robotics Place of Publication Editor  
  Language English Summary Language (up) English Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
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  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number cidis @ cidis @ Serial 34  
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Author Ma. Paz Velarde; Erika Perugachi; Dennis G. Romero; Ángel D. Sappa; Boris X. Vintimilla pdf  url
openurl 
  Title Análisis del movimiento de las extremidades superiores aplicado a la rehabilitación física de una persona usando técnicas de visión artificial. Type Journal Article
  Year 2015 Publication Revista Tecnológica ESPOL-RTE Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Vol. 28 Issue Pages pp. 1-7  
  Keywords Rehabilitation; RGB-D Sensor; Computer Vision; Upper limb  
  Abstract Comúnmente durante la rehabilitación física, el diagnóstico dado por el especialista se basa en observaciones cualitativas que sugieren, en algunos casos, conclusiones subjetivas. El presente trabajo propone un enfoque cuantitativo, orientado a servir de ayuda a fisioterapeutas, a través de una herramienta interactiva y de bajo costo que permite medir los movimientos de miembros superiores. Estos movimientos son capturados por un sensor RGB-D y procesados mediante la metodología propuesta, dando como resultado una eficiente representación de movimientos, permitiendo la evaluación cuantitativa de movimientos de los miembros superiores.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher ESPOL Place of Publication Editor  
  Language English Summary Language (up) English Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number cidis @ cidis @ Serial 39  
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Author Angel D. Sappa; Juan A. Carvajal; Cristhian A. Aguilera; Miguel Oliveira; Dennis G. Romero; Boris X. Vintimilla pdf  url
openurl 
  Title Wavelet-Based Visible and Infrared Image Fusion: A Comparative Study Type Journal Article
  Year 2016 Publication Sensors Journal Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Vol. 16 Issue Pages pp. 1-15  
  Keywords image fusion; fusion evaluation metrics; visible and infrared imaging; discrete wavelet transform  
  Abstract This paper evaluates different wavelet-based cross-spectral image fusion strategies adopted to merge visible and infrared images. The objective is to find the best setup independently of the evaluation metric used to measure the performance. Quantitative performance results are obtained with state of the art approaches together with adaptations proposed in the current work. The options evaluated in the current work result from the combination of different setups in the wavelet image decomposition stage together with different fusion strategies for the final merging stage that generates the resulting representation. Most of the approaches evaluate results according to the application for which they are intended for. Sometimes a human observer is selected to judge the quality of the obtained results. In the current work, quantitative values are considered in order to find correlations between setups and performance of obtained results; these correlations can be used to define a criteria for selecting the best fusion strategy for a given pair of cross-spectral images. The whole procedure is evaluated with a large set of correctly registered visible and infrared image pairs, including both Near InfraRed (NIR) and LongWave InfraRed (LWIR).  
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  Language English Summary Language (up) English Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
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  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number cidis @ cidis @ Serial 47  
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Author Miguel Oliveira; Vítor Santos; Angel D. Sappa; Paulo Dias; A. Paulo Moreira pdf  url
openurl 
  Title Incremental Scenario Representations for Autonomous Driving using Geometric Polygonal Primitives Type Journal Article
  Year 2016 Publication Robotics and Autonomous Systems Journal Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Vol. 83 Issue Pages pp. 312-325  
  Keywords Incremental scene reconstructionPoint cloudsAutonomous vehiclesPolygonal primitives  
  Abstract When an autonomous vehicle is traveling through some scenario it receives a continuous stream of sensor data. This sensor data arrives in an asynchronous fashion and often contains overlapping or redundant information. Thus, it is not trivial how a representation of the environment observed by the vehicle can be created and updated over time. This paper presents a novel methodology to compute an incremental 3D representation of a scenario from 3D range measurements. We propose to use macro scale polygonal primitives to model the scenario. This means that the representation of the scene is given as a list of large scale polygons that describe the geometric structure of the environment. Furthermore, we propose mechanisms designed to update the geometric polygonal primitives over time whenever fresh sensor data is collected. Results show that the approach is capable of producing accurate descriptions of the scene, and that it is computationally very efficient when compared to other reconstruction techniques.  
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  Language English Summary Language (up) English Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
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  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number cidis @ cidis @ Serial 49  
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Author Miguel Oliveira; Vítor Santos; Angel D. Sappa; Paulo Dias; A. Paulo Moreira pdf  url
openurl 
  Title Incremental Texture Mapping for Autonomous Driving Type Journal Article
  Year 2016 Publication Robotics and Autonomous Systems Journal Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Vol. 84 Issue Pages pp. 113-128  
  Keywords Scene reconstruction, Autonomous driving, Texture mapping  
  Abstract Autonomous vehicles have a large number of on-board sensors, not only for providing coverage all around the vehicle, but also to ensure multi-modality in the observation of the scene. Because of this, it is not trivial to come up with a single, unique representation that feeds from the data given by all these sensors. We propose an algorithm which is capable of mapping texture collected from vision based sensors onto a geometric description of the scenario constructed from data provided by 3D sensors. The algorithm uses a constrained Delaunay triangulation to produce a mesh which is updated using a specially devised sequence of operations. These enforce a partial configuration of the mesh that avoids bad quality textures and ensures that there are no gaps in the texture. Results show that this algorithm is capable of producing fine quality textures.  
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  Language English Summary Language (up) English Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
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  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number cidis @ cidis @ Serial 50  
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Author Miguel Realpe; Boris X. Vintimilla; Ljubo Vlacic pdf  openurl
  Title Multi-sensor Fusion Module in a Fault Tolerant Perception System for Autonomous Vehicles Type Journal Article
  Year 2016 Publication Journal of Automation and Control Engineering (JOACE) Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Vol. 4 Issue Pages pp. 430-436  
  Keywords Fault Tolerance, Data Fusion, Multi-sensor Fusion, Autonomous Vehicles, Perception System  
  Abstract Driverless vehicles are currently being tested on public roads in order to examine their ability to perform in a safe and reliable way in real world situations. However, the long-term reliable operation of a vehicle’s diverse sensors and the effects of potential sensor faults in the vehicle system have not been tested yet. This paper is proposing a sensor fusion architecture that minimizes the influence of a sensor fault. Experimental results are presented simulating faults by introducing displacements in the sensor information from the KITTI dataset.  
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  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language English Summary Language (up) English Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
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  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number cidis @ cidis @ Serial 51  
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Author Angel D. Sappa; Cristhian A. Aguilera; Juan A. Carvajal Ayala; Miguel Oliveira; Dennis Romero; Boris X. Vintimilla; Ricardo Toledo pdf  url
doi  openurl
  Title Monocular visual odometry: a cross-spectral image fusion based approach Type Journal Article
  Year 2016 Publication Robotics and Autonomous Systems Journal Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Vol. 86 Issue Pages pp. 26-36  
  Keywords Monocular visual odometry LWIR-RGB cross-spectral imaging Image fusion  
  Abstract This manuscript evaluates the usage of fused cross-spectral images in a monocular visual odometry approach. Fused images are obtained through a Discrete Wavelet Transform (DWT) scheme, where the best setup is em- pirically obtained by means of a mutual information based evaluation met- ric. The objective is to have a exible scheme where fusion parameters are adapted according to the characteristics of the given images. Visual odom- etry is computed from the fused monocular images using an off the shelf approach. Experimental results using data sets obtained with two different platforms are presented. Additionally, comparison with a previous approach as well as with monocular-visible/infrared spectra are also provided showing the advantages of the proposed scheme.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Enlgish Summary Language (up) English Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number cidis @ cidis @ Serial 54  
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