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Author Angel D. Sappa; Cristhian A. Aguilera; Juan A. Carvajal Ayala; Miguel Oliveira; Dennis Romero; Boris X. Vintimilla; Ricardo Toledo pdf  url
doi  openurl
  Title Monocular visual odometry: a cross-spectral image fusion based approach Type Journal Article
  Year 2016 Publication Robotics and Autonomous Systems Journal Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume vol 86 Issue Pages 26-36  
  Keywords (up) Monocular visual odometry LWIR-RGB cross-spectral imaging Image fusion  
  Abstract This manuscript evaluates the usage of fused cross-spectral images in a monocular visual odometry approach. Fused images are obtained through a Discrete Wavelet Transform (DWT) scheme, where the best setup is em- pirically obtained by means of a mutual information based evaluation met- ric. The objective is to have a exible scheme where fusion parameters are adapted according to the characteristics of the given images. Visual odom- etry is computed from the fused monocular images using an off the shelf approach. Experimental results using data sets obtained with two different platforms are presented. Additionally, comparison with a previous approach as well as with monocular-visible/infrared spectra are also provided showing the advantages of the proposed scheme.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Enlgish Summary Language English Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
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  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number cidis @ cidis @ Serial 54  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Ángel Morera, Ángel Sánchez, A. Belén Moreno, Angel D. Sappa, & José F. Vélez pdf  isbn
openurl 
  Title SSD vs. YOLO for Detection of Outdoor Urban Advertising Panels under Multiple Variabilities. Type Journal Article
  Year 2020 Publication Abbreviated Journal In Sensors  
  Volume Vol. 2020-August Issue 16 Pages pp. 1-23  
  Keywords (up) object detection; urban outdoor panels; one-stage detectors; Single Shot MultiBox Detector (SSD); You Only Look Once (YOLO); detection metrics; object and scene imaging variabilities  
  Abstract This work compares Single Shot MultiBox Detector (SSD) and You Only Look Once (YOLO)

deep neural networks for the outdoor advertisement panel detection problem by handling multiple

and combined variabilities in the scenes. Publicity panel detection in images o ers important

advantages both in the real world as well as in the virtual one. For example, applications like Google

Street View can be used for Internet publicity and when detecting these ads panels in images, it could

be possible to replace the publicity appearing inside the panels by another from a funding company.

In our experiments, both SSD and YOLO detectors have produced acceptable results under variable

sizes of panels, illumination conditions, viewing perspectives, partial occlusion of panels, complex

background and multiple panels in scenes. Due to the diculty of finding annotated images for the

considered problem, we created our own dataset for conducting the experiments. The major strength

of the SSD model was the almost elimination of False Positive (FP) cases, situation that is preferable

when the publicity contained inside the panel is analyzed after detecting them. On the other side,

YOLO produced better panel localization results detecting a higher number of True Positive (TP)

panels with a higher accuracy. Finally, a comparison of the two analyzed object detection models

with di erent types of semantic segmentation networks and using the same evaluation metrics is

also included.
 
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language English Summary Language English Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN 14248220 Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number cidis @ cidis @ Serial 133  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Rubio, G.A., Agila, W.E pdf  openurl
  Title A fuzzy model to manage water in polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cells Type Journal Article
  Year 2021 Publication In Processes Journal. (Vol. 9, Issue 6, Article number 904) Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Issue Pages  
  Keywords (up) PEM fuel cell, fuzzy, neural network, electrical response, flooding, drying.  
  Abstract In this paper, a fuzzy model is presented to determine in real-time the degree of dehydration or flooding of a proton exchange membrane of a fuel cell, to optimize its electrical response and consequently, its autonomous operation. By applying load, current and flux variations in the dry, normal, and flooded states of the membrane, it was determined that the temporal evolution of the fuel cell voltage is characterized by changes in slope and by its voltage oscillations. The results were validated using electrochemical impedance spectroscopy and show slope changes from 0.435 to 0.52 and oscillations from 3.6 mV to 5.2 mV in the dry state, and slope changes from 0.2 to 0.3 and oscillations from 1 mV to 2 mV in the flooded state. The use of fuzzy logic is a novelty and constitutes a step towards the progressive automation of the supervision, perception, and intelligent control of fuel cells, allowing them to reduce their risks and increase their economic benefits.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number cidis @ cidis @ Serial 153  
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Author Arias Alexandra. Ing.; Peña Roxanna. Ing.; Chávez Patricia. MSEE.; Basurto Juan. Ing pdf  url
openurl 
  Title Análisis Comparativo de la Implementación de una PBX de Código Abierto instalada en un Servidor Tradicional y en un Enrutador Inalámbrico en términos de Calidad de Servicio en Redes Inalámbricas Amalladas Type Journal Article
  Year 2011 Publication Revista Tecnologica ESPOL RTE Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume vol 24 Issue Pages 1-6  
  Keywords (up) Redes Inalámbricas Mesh, VoIP, Asterisk  
  Abstract El presente trabajo compara dos Implementaciones de Centrales Telefónicas VoIP de Código Abierto implementados sobre una Red Inalámbrica Amallada. El primero comprende la instalación de la PBX en un servidor tradicional y el segundo la instalación de una PBX en un enrutador inalámbrico. Nuestro objetivo es

determinar cuál de estos dos sistemas es superior en cuanto a calidad de servicio se refiere. Para determinar la mejor solución, realizamos un estudio técnico de los paquetes capturados durante diferentes pruebas, considerando parámetros como el ancho de banda, retardo y jitter. Nuestros métodos de análisis pueden ser utilizados para futuros trabajos con una mayor complejidad y número de enrutadores inalámbrico, así como establecer el grado de afectación y el comportamiento de las dos PBX cuando haya congestión en la red.
 
  Address Escuela Superior Politécnica del Litoral Km 30.5 vía Perimetral  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Guayaquil, Guayas Ecuador Editor  
  Language Español Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number cidis @ cidis @ Serial 14  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Ma. Paz Velarde; Erika Perugachi; Dennis G. Romero; Ángel D. Sappa; Boris X. Vintimilla pdf  url
openurl 
  Title Análisis del movimiento de las extremidades superiores aplicado a la rehabilitación física de una persona usando técnicas de visión artificial. Type Journal Article
  Year 2015 Publication Revista Tecnológica ESPOL-RTE Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume 28 Issue Pages 1-7  
  Keywords (up) Rehabilitation; RGB-D Sensor; Computer Vision; Upper limb  
  Abstract Comúnmente durante la rehabilitación física, el diagnóstico dado por el especialista se basa en observaciones cualitativas que sugieren, en algunos casos, conclusiones subjetivas. El presente trabajo propone un enfoque cuantitativo, orientado a servir de ayuda a fisioterapeutas, a través de una herramienta interactiva y de bajo costo que permite medir los movimientos de miembros superiores. Estos movimientos son capturados por un sensor RGB-D y procesados mediante la metodología propuesta, dando como resultado una eficiente representación de movimientos, permitiendo la evaluación cuantitativa de movimientos de los miembros superiores.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher ESPOL Place of Publication Editor  
  Language English Summary Language English Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number cidis @ cidis @ Serial 39  
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Author Charco, J.L., Sappa, A.D., Vintimilla, B.X., Velesaca, H.O. pdf  openurl
  Title Camera pose estimation in multi-view environments:from virtual scenarios to the real world Type Journal Article
  Year 2021 Publication In Image and Vision Computing Journal. (Vol. 110. Article number 104182) Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Issue Pages  
  Keywords (up) Relative camera pose estimation, Domain adaptation, Siamese architecture, Synthetic data, Multi-view environments  
  Abstract This paper presents a domain adaptation strategy to efficiently train network architectures for estimating the relative camera pose in multi-view scenarios. The network architectures are fed by a pair of simultaneously acquired

images, hence in order to improve the accuracy of the solutions, and due to the lack of large datasets with pairs of

overlapped images, a domain adaptation strategy is proposed. The domain adaptation strategy consists on transferring the knowledge learned from synthetic images to real-world scenarios. For this, the networks are firstly

trained using pairs of synthetic images, which are captured at the same time by a pair of cameras in a virtual environment; and then, the learned weights of the networks are transferred to the real-world case, where the networks are retrained with a few real images. Different virtual 3D scenarios are generated to evaluate the

relationship between the accuracy on the result and the similarity between virtual and real scenarios—similarity

on both geometry of the objects contained in the scene as well as relative pose between camera and objects in the

scene. Experimental results and comparisons are provided showing that the accuracy of all the evaluated networks for estimating the camera pose improves when the proposed domain adaptation strategy is used,

highlighting the importance on the similarity between virtual-real scenarios.
 
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language English Summary Language English Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number cidis @ cidis @ Serial 147  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Miguel Oliveira; Vítor Santos; Angel D. Sappa; Paulo Dias; A. Paulo Moreira pdf  url
openurl 
  Title Incremental Texture Mapping for Autonomous Driving Type Journal Article
  Year 2016 Publication Robotics and Autonomous Systems Journal Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume 84 Issue Pages 113-128  
  Keywords (up) Scene reconstruction, Autonomous driving, Texture mapping  
  Abstract Autonomous vehicles have a large number of on-board sensors, not only for providing coverage all around the vehicle, but also to ensure multi-modality in the observation of the scene. Because of this, it is not trivial to come up with a single, unique representation that feeds from the data given by all these sensors. We propose an algorithm which is capable of mapping texture collected from vision based sensors onto a geometric description of the scenario constructed from data provided by 3D sensors. The algorithm uses a constrained Delaunay triangulation to produce a mesh which is updated using a specially devised sequence of operations. These enforce a partial configuration of the mesh that avoids bad quality textures and ensures that there are no gaps in the texture. Results show that this algorithm is capable of producing fine quality textures.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language English Summary Language English Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number cidis @ cidis @ Serial 50  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Mónica Villavicencio; Alain Abran pdf  url
openurl 
  Title Facts and Perceptions Regarding Software Measurement in Education and in Practice: Preliminary Results Type Journal Article
  Year 2011 Publication Journal of Software Engineering and Application Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Issue Pages 227-234  
  Keywords (up) Software measurement, education, software engineering  
  Abstract How is software measurement addressed in undergraduate and graduate programs in universities? Do organizations consider that the graduating students they hire have an adequate knowledge of software measurement? To answer these and related questions, a survey was administered to participants who attended the IWSM-MENSURA 2010 conference in Stuttgart, Germany. Forty-seven of the 69 conference participants (including software development practitioners, software measurement consultants, university professors, and graduate students) took part in the survey. The results indicate that software measurement topics are: A) covered mostly at the graduate level and not at the undergraduate level, and B) not mandatory. Graduate students and professors consider that, of the measurement topics covered in university curricula, specific topics, such as measures for the requirements phase, and measurement techniques and tools, receive more attention in the academic context. A common observation of the practitioners who participated in the survey was that students hired as new employees bring limited software measurement-related knowledge to their organizations. Discussion of the findings and directions for future research are presented.  
  Address 2 CIDIS-FIEC, Escuela Superior Politécnica del Litoral (ESPOL), Guayaquil, Ecuador  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language English Summary Language English Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number cidis @ cidis @ Serial 17  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Cristhian A. Aguilera, Cristhian Aguilera, Cristóbal A. Navarro, & Angel D. Sappa pdf  openurl
  Title Fast CNN Stereo Depth Estimation through Embedded GPU Devices Type Journal Article
  Year 2020 Publication Sensors 2020 Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Vol. 2020-June Issue 11 Pages pp. 1-13  
  Keywords (up) stereo matching; deep learning; embedded GPU  
  Abstract Current CNN-based stereo depth estimation models can barely run under real-time

constraints on embedded graphic processing unit (GPU) devices. Moreover, state-of-the-art

evaluations usually do not consider model optimization techniques, being that it is unknown what is

the current potential on embedded GPU devices. In this work, we evaluate two state-of-the-art models

on three different embedded GPU devices, with and without optimization methods, presenting

performance results that illustrate the actual capabilities of embedded GPU devices for stereo depth

estimation. More importantly, based on our evaluation, we propose the use of a U-Net like architecture

for postprocessing the cost-volume, instead of a typical sequence of 3D convolutions, drastically

augmenting the runtime speed of current models. In our experiments, we achieve real-time inference

speed, in the range of 5–32 ms, for 1216  368 input stereo images on the Jetson TX2, Jetson Xavier,

and Jetson Nano embedded devices.
 
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language English Summary Language English Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 14248220 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number cidis @ cidis @ Serial 132  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Dennis G. Romero; Anselmo Frizera N.; Teodiano Freire B. pdf  url
openurl 
  Title Reconocimiento en-l?nea de acciones humanas basado en patrones de RWE aplicado en ventanas dinámicas de momentos invariantes Type Journal Article
  Year 2014 Publication Revista Iberoamericana de Automática e Informática industrial 00 (2014) Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume 11 Issue Pages 202-211  
  Keywords (up) Vision por ordenador, Mapas de profundidad, Reconocimiento de acciones humanas, Relative Wavelet Energy, Distancia de ´ Mahalanobis  
  Abstract Durante los últimos años ha existido un fuerte incremento en el acceso a internet, causando que los centros de datos (DC) deban adaptar dinámicamente su infraestructura de red de cara a enfrentar posibles problemas de congestión, la cual no siempre se da de forma oportuna. Ante esto, nuevas topologías de red se han propuesto en los últimos años, como una forma de brindar mejores condiciones para el manejo de tráfico interno, sin embargo es común que para el estudio de estas mejoras, se necesite recrear el comportamiento de un verdadero DC en modelos de simulación/emulación. Por lo tanto se vuelve esencial validar dichos modelos, de cara a obtener resultados coherentes con la realidad. Esta validación es posible por medio de la identificación de ciertas propiedades que se deducen a partir de las variables y los parámetros que describen la red, y que se mantienen en las topologías de los DC para diversos escenarios y/o configuraciones. Estas propiedades, conocidas como invariantes, son una expresión del funcionamiento de la red en ambientes reales, como por ejemplo la ruta más larga entre dos nodos o el número de enlaces mínimo que deben fallar antes de una pérdida de conectividad en alguno de los nodos de la red. En el presente trabajo se realiza la identificación, formulación y comprobación de dos invariantes para la topología Fat-Tree, utilizando como software emulador a mininet. Las conclusiones muestran resultados concordantes entre lo analítico y lo práctico.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Español Summary Language Español Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number cidis @ cidis @ Serial 30  
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